Guerilla Warfare

of the Civil War

What is Guerilla Warfare?

Guerilla Warfare is a form of unethical warfare, in which a small armed group,harm an enemy by ambushing, sabotage, raids, hit-and run, and other tactics. This strategy is commonly used when fighting a war against a bigger and stronger army.

Where have you seen this...

Guerilla warfare dates back to the American Revolution in which Patriots/Americans used this tactics to defeat the strong British army/navy.

Guerilla Warfare is still used today when ISIL terrorist, bomb countries (9/11 / The Paris Attack) or simply send people to shoot/kill civilians ( The San Bernardino Attack)

Guerilla Groups

Bushwhackers

  • The Majority of Guerilla fighters were Bushwhackers (They got the name because they would hide behind forest line)
  • The fact that the Bushwackers had no uniform and have no relations with the Confederate army, the Union army had a hard time to distinguish a normal civilian from a bushwhacker.

Partisan Rangers


  • This was a more “legitimate” Guerilla group than the Bushwhackers.The Confederate Congress passed a law ,called the Partisan Ranger act, this allowed you to sign up with this guerilla group instead of the Confederate army.
  • One difference that the Partisan have with the Bushwhackers is that they were Confederate uniforms and they had relations with the confederate army (they had to report to the Confederate army.

Jayhawkers

  • Union sympathizers in the south.
  • Fought against Bushwhackers and other secesionist in their communities.
  • Only played a Minor role in the Civil War, unlike Bushwhackers.

Who is Who? The Lieber Code

The Lieber Code, also known as General orders no. 100, explained the difference between Bushwhackers and Partisan Rangers (Bushwhackers were illegal and could be shot but Partisans were loosely tied to the confederate army and must be treated as prisoners of war.)

Why Join a Guerilla Group?

There is more freedom in Joining a Guerilla Group, than being a Confederate solidier.

But most importanly it allowed you to stay home, to defend your family and community.

Famous Guerilla Leaders

William T. Anderson

Known as "bloody Bill" was one of the deadliest and most brutal pro-Confederate guerrilla leaders in the American Civil War. Anderson's acts as a guerrilla led the Union to imprison his sisters; after one of them died in custody, Anderson devoted himself to revenge. In September 1864, he led a raid on Centralia, Missouri. This was the first time a Guerilla group captured a passenger train, they also killed 24 union soldiers and 100 pro-union militamen.

William C. Quantrill

At a young age Quantrill kidnapped runaway slaves and returned them at a price, showing his support for the Confederecy. He eventually joined the Bushwhackers, leading them in the Lawrence massacre, murdering over 180 civilians. Quantrill was wounded in one of the last engagements of the Civil War, by Union troops.

James H. Lane

Lane was a Partisan Ranger during Bleeding Kansas. Then became a Northern Senator and a Union General but then became a Confederate General. He evantually made his way up, to become a Jayhawker leader. Lane Committed suicide in 1866.

Guerilla Raids

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A raid in a western town

Guerilla raids happened in Union communities and other pro-north towns. This was a lot like 'Total war' were Guerilla fighters took everything they wanted and burned the rest. (shown in the Picture above)

The Destruction/Ruins of the City of Lawrence

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In the Picture above you can see the Lawrence Massacre also known as Quantrill's raid, led by William Quantrill. These pro-confederate guerilla fighters attacked this town because of the representation it had hosting Jayhawkers. As you can see they was no mercy.
In the picture below you can see what was left after Quantrill's raid. Nothing. But destroyed buildings.
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This events continue through out the war. With jayhawkers and the Union army fighting the Bushwhackers, Partisan Rangers, and the Confederate army.

Should they Continue?

After the fall of Richmond, Virginia. Robert E. Lee (general of the Confederate army) had to consider to seperate his army to surround the remaining terroritory they had, instead of surrendor. In this tatic they would do small guerilla attacks on the Union army, until the North gave up, and recognized them as a seperate country.
No, Gen. Robert E Lee decided to surrendered on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox.

Information Citations

Wikipedia, Guerilla Warfare

"Guerrilla Warfare." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Dec. 2015. Web. 11 Jan. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guerrilla_warfare>.

Civil War Trust, Guerilla Warfare

KOZIKOWSKI, Kara E. "Guerrilla Warfare HOMETOWN HEROES AND VILLAINS." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2016. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/warfare-and-logistics/warfare/guerrilla-warfare-during-the.html>.

"William T. Anderson." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2016

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._Anderson>

"John S. Mosby." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 Jan. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_S._Mosby>.

"Lawrence Massacre." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Massacre>.

Quantrill. 2009. Wikipedia, United States. (Public Domain)

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Quantrill>.

Picture Citations

  • Eiffel Tower. 2015. Wikipedia, Paris.
  • Bloody Bill Anderson. before 1986. Wikipedia, n.p. unknown photographer (Public Domain)
  • Nast, Thomas. A Rebel Guerrilla Raid in a Western Town. 1862. Library of Congress, United States.
  • Brady, Mathew B. James Lane. 1855-1865. Library of Congress, United States.
  • The Destruction of the City of Lawrence, Kansas, and the Massacre of Its Inhabitants by the Rebel Guerrillas. 1863. Library of Congress, Kansas. Illus. in: Harper's weekly (Public Domain)
  • Col. John S. Mosby. 1860-1865. Library of Congress, United States. Unknown photographer (Public Domain)
  • Champ Ferguson. 1864. Wikipedia, United States. Unknown photographer (Public Domain)
  • Newton Knight. before 1922. Wikipedia, United States. Unknown Photographer (Public Domain)
  • The Ruins of Lawrence. 1863. Library of Congress, Kansas Lawrence.
  • A young William Anderson. before 1986. Wikipedia, United States. Unknown Photographer
  • A.R. Waud. The Army of the Potomac. 1862. Library of Congress, Potomac.
  • Volck, Adalbert John. Jennison's Jayhawkers. 1864. Library of Congress, Missouri.
  • Quantrill. 2009. Wikipedia, United States. (Public Domain)
  • General Robert E. Lee. 1860 Wikimedia, United States. (Public Domain)
  • Robert. E. Lee Surrender. 1865 Wikimedia, United States.
  • Lee, Robert E: surrender at Appomattox. 1865 Wikimedia, United States.