Carbohydrates

Monomer: Monosaccharides

Monosaccharide

Monomer of carbohydrates.


Polysaccharides

Polymer in carbohydrates.


Examples of Carbohydrates

-Glucose

- Galactose

- Cellulose

- Glycogen

- Lactose

Functional Groups

Functional groups that are always found: Hydroxyl, Carbonyl. Sometimes found: Aldehyde.


Common Functions

Carbohydrates are responsible for the storage and transport of energy.


How is its Function Related to its Structure?

By the process of dehydration synthesis, the carbohydrate releases water and causes condensation to happen. In straight chain monosaccharides, oxygen is bonded between between the two carbon atoms which forms a ring. Because the bonds the carbohydrates make are easily broken, energy can be released effectively and quickly.
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Example Carbohydrate Pictures