Adolf Hitler

By: Dylan Cao

Big image

Early History

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, in the Upper Austrian border town Braunau am Inn. He was the illegitimate son of Alois Hitler and Maria Anna Schickelgruber. He was baptized as a catholic when he was born. In 1898, their family moved to Linz and Adolf had many bitter fights with his father because Alois wanted him to enter the Habsburg civil service, but when he died, Adolf persuaded his mother to allow him to pursue his dream of becoming an artist. When she was dying, he tried to enter the Vienna Academy of the Arts but he was failed to gain acceptance. After her death in December 1907, he moved to Vienna, in hopes of trying to new efforts to win acceptance in the Academy of Arts. He lived in Vienna between February 1908 and May 1913, and had grown up in a middle-class family. After they died, he wasted their generous inheritance and denied all of his living relatives and family friend's advice. By the end of 1909, Hitler was living in real poverty, but he was surviving by painting watercolor scenes for a business partner, and he had personal and business relationships with Jews and he was, at times, dependent on them, but it wasn't until after World War I that Hitler was said to have adopted an "antisemitic" ideology. He was influenced in Vienna by the German racist nationalism and when Leueger promoted an antisemitism that was more practical and organizational.

Hitler's political career

In 1919, he attended his first meeting of the German Workers' party, but while there, he found he agreed with Anton Drexler's ideas of nationalism and
antisemitism. He disagreed with how they were organized so that led him to make his own passionate speech which cemented his reputation. People were joining the party just to see him make his speeches, and he quickly rose through the ranks and, by 1921, he was the leader of the re-named National German Workers' Party (Nazi). On 8-9 November 1923, Hitler staged the Nazi Beer Hall Putsch. He was trying to force the government to work with the Nazis and march together on Berlin, but the attempt failed. Hitler was tried for treason, but the judge gave him a light sentence. While Hitler was in prison, he wrote 'Mein Kampf' which had his political ideas. After his release, by 1930, the Nazis had around 6.5 million votes and, on 30 January 1933, President Hindenburg was forced to make Hitler Chancellor. In the office, Hitler consolidated his power and eliminated all opposition. His power was secured when Hindenburg died in 1934. He fought in World War II and did many things such as the Holocaust. By the time the Western Allies were pushing and advancing on Germany, Hitler had to withdraw almost entirely and it is also said he was very erratic and out-of-touch. In 1944, there was a failed assassination attempt. In response to this, he stepped up the suspicion and terror. On 30 April 1945, he committed suicide with his girlfriend Eva Braun. After this, Germany soon surrendered.

His speech

He was able to manipulate his crowd by downplaying the Jews and the other powers. For example, he described the Jews as "Jewish-capitalist warmongers, their hands covered with blood," and said that in London and Paris, they condemned the agreement as a despicable sign of weakness. I think he was able to gain the support from his speech because of the way he described everyone else and the amount of persuasion in this speech.