Golgi Apparatus

Kylie O'Rear and Courtney O'Neal

About the Golgi Apparatus

The Golgi Apparatus was discovered in 1897 by a man named Camillo Golgi. It consists of a stack of 3-20 flattened sacs. Each Golgi stack has two distinct ends, or faces. The cis face of a Golgi stack is the end of the organelle where substances enter from the endoplasmic reticulum for processing, while the trans face is where they exit in the form of smaller detached vesicles. Consequently, the cis face is found near the endoplasmic reticulum, from whence most of the material it receives comes, and the trans face is positioned near the plasma membrane of the cell, to where many of the substances it modifies are shipped. They take in vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulm. The Golgi Apparatus sorts and packages proteins and vesicles. It has 2 other names that you can call it. The first one is Golgi Body and the second is the Golgi complex. They gather simple molecules and combines them to make molecules that are more complex. They are found in both plant and animal cells. It was one of the first organelles ever observed.