Push and Pull Factors

By: Megan Goyal

Religious Persecution

A) China

B) Christians in Lingao were beaten after they protested a construction project on a site that was rightfully theirs. They were promised a church of their own, but the city sold it to another company. Children and the elderly were beaten and two women were put in a coma. They found dirt and rocks blocking the doors to the cutch many times.

C) Fu was arrested in 1996 after the government found out about his house church and put him under house arrest. When he discovered his wife Heidi was pregnant and he was re jailed. They fled to Thailand and then Hong Kong. Two years later China took over Hong Kong. They were forced to flee again and the Clinton administration took them as refugees and they live in Texas.


Ethnic Persecution

A) Sudan, Africa

B) In the 1990s, the (NCP) government of Sudan, attempted to exterminate the black African Christians, Muslims, and followers of traditional religions in South Sudan and the Nuba Mountains. Over 2.5 million people died in those regions, and over 5 million were displaced from their homes in the genocidal to establish Sudan as a model Arab Islamic state.

C) 6,000 people fled to United Nation peace keeping base hoping for protection. Other organizations are helping people escape.

Environmental Factors

A) Latin America

B) Mexico's population is almost 100 million, of which three quarters live in cities. Leaded gas is still used in Mexico City. 85% childhood diseases are blamed on air pollution and 32 tons of lead emissions are released per day. Every year, respiratory infections cause almost 1.2 million deaths in Mexico. Currently, cigarette smoke causes more deaths per year than AIDS, alcohol, violence, accidents, illegal drug use, and obesity combined.

C) The people in Latin America move from a urban area to a rural area where there is less air pollution, access to clean water and disease.

Economic Motives

A) Pakistan

B) The country has already almost gone bankrupt once. It had an emergency $10 billion in support from the World Bank to prevent Pakistan from defaulting on its debt. A 2008 report identified Pakistan as a country at risk of a "rapid and sudden collapse." It would create a devastating security problem for the world. Anyone banking their money on Pakistan's economic growth might not know what hit them.

C) Most people move to United States because it is a country with the best economy.

Political Factors

A) Syrian

B) Syrians voiced their unhappiness with the political process and were advocating for democratic. The government didn't take it so well and went through extreme measures of kidnapping, torture, and killing protesters.

C) Syrians moved to countries that are close by to Syria. They wanted to keep in their same religion area and they were poor so they couldn't afford to love across the world.

Forced Migration

A) Pakistan and India Separation

B) There was a massive population exchanges occurred between the two formed states in the months immediately following Partition. Once the lines were established, about 14.5 million people crossed the borders to what they hoped was the relative safety of religious majority. The newly formed governments were completely unequipped to deal with migrations of such staggering magnitude, and massive violence and slaughter occurred on both sides of the border. Estimates of the number of deaths vary, with low estimates at 200,000 and high estimates at 1,000,000.

C) The people moved from India to Pakistan back and forth. The Hindus had to move to India and the Muslims had to move to Pakistan.