What will Canada look come 2035? By Hasan Ahmed
Canada's population today has changed drastically from what it used to be and will change even more as we reach 2035. Canada today has a total population of approximately 35 540 400 according to Stats Canada. Although in the year 2011, the average amount of children being born per woman was 1.6, which is not enough to sustain the population on its own. Canada's births and deaths between 2001 and 2012 was 4 262 454 births and 2 795 940 deaths, which is a 1 466 514 natural increase. This means the population is not declining die to the low death rates, but the population will consist of mainly seniors and adults due to the lack of children being born. This means we are in a stage 4 heading to a stage 5. In 2035 we will have an older population and children and other youth will be a minority due to the low amount of children per woman. That is how the current population is now and how it will be come 2035.
Today immigrants make up a large portion of Canada's population, and is also the reason the population continues to increase. In 2001, 250 640 people immigrated to Canada and has continued to grow since. In 2010 the net migration was 7.2 per 1000 which was substantially larger than other countries. This means more people immigrating than emigrating. Immigrant come from a number of countries like Pakistan, India, China and more. They come for new lives, better jobs and better living conditions and leave their countries for reasons like poverty, famine and war. This is how immigration is today and how it is rapidly growing. That means in 2035 Canada will have even more immigrants and will have an even larger population due to that. I think the people fro countries in Asia will continue to move here in 2035. That is the current trends and future predictions of how immigration is and will be.
The FNMI group of Canada is one of the fastest growing groups in Canada. The First Nation group in 2011 was at a population of 851 560, the Metis were at 451 795 people and the Inuit were at 59 445 people. The First Nations have an astounding population growth rate at 22.9% which is to the non First Nation population which was 5.2. Also the aboriginals meaning the FMNI have one of the youngest populations, 28% of aboriginals are under 14 which is much higher than that of non aboriginals which is at 16.5% of the population being under 14. That is why in 2035 the FMNI will be a large portion of our population, due to the rapid population growth and young population. That is how the FMNI population trends are today and how they will be in 2035.
Interactions in The Physical environment
Canada has different climate throughout the country, here I am going to talk about the Mixwood Plains Ecozone. This region is located in Southern Ontario, has an area of 107 017km squared and its land form is plains and rolling hills which contains the great lakes. The climate is cool winters, mild summers, receives 700 to 1000mm of precipitation which is mainly cyclonic and convectional. The climate is relatively cold due to its latitude being north of the equator, it receives convectional precipitation in the summer due to the hot weather and cyclonic in the winter due to the warm and cold winds. The vegetation in this region is very little but this region has different types of trees like coniferous and deciduous. Climate change will affect the mixwood plains by changing its climate and vegetation. The climate will start to get warmer which will cause more convectional precipitation, hotter summers and warmer winters. This will cause ling heavy rain and then no rain for days which will cause the vegetation to spoil. These are some impacts of climate change will have mixwood plains and the current physical features and climate of this region.
The Atlantic Maritime Ecozone is a maritime climate located in the east coast of Canada. This region is 192 017km squared in area and consists of hills and coastal plains. The climate has warm summers, mild winters and this region receives 1000 to 1400 mm of precipitation. The reason this region has mild winters and warm summers is due to the region being near water which gives it the moderating effect, Although it is still cold due to the latitude being north. This region has a lot of precipitation due to it being a maritime region and this region receives cyclonic precipitation. The vegetation mainly consists of coniferous and mixed with deciduous trees. The Atlantic Maritime Ecozone will also be greatly affected by climate change. The climate will be much colder which will cause more cyclonic precipitation, although vegetation in the Maritimes will be bad due to the cold temperatures. This is the physical features, climate and climate change affects that the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone has.
Managing Canada's Resources and Industries
Canada will probably have similar resources in 2035 that they have today. Resources like coal, crude oil, gold and automobiles will most likely still be in demand in 2035. Although due to fresh water depleting in the world Canada's large sum of fresh water will be a valuable resource and asset in the future when fresh water is scarce. Canada will still trade with United States and Mexico due to them all being neighboring countries and NAFTA still be in act, China is producing most goods today so they will also likely still be a top trade partner with Canada. Lastly our Resources will not start to diminish until years after 2035 although Canada may turn to renewable resources for its energy and other goods. This is what I believe Canada will trade with and resources that Canada will use.
Canada can fix many of these problems in the future. One way to stop urban sprawl is to stop expanding suburbs outwards and create high rise buildings, this will cause urban sprawl to stop because we will expand more upward than outwards. This will fix problems like long commute times and destroying the natural environment. To have a sustainable city Canada has to mainly use sustainable sources of energy like solar, hydro, and e.t.c. this will allow for energy to not run out. Canada can preserve the green belt so urban sprawl wont destroy that area of wild life. Lastly Canada should use their fresh water by using sustainable yield management which will allow fresh water to be used in a manor in which it wont run out. That is how I envision liveable communities in the future.
-my notes from school
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