Australia and New Zealand

By Sean Tierney

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Attractions

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History

  • Australia was first discovered by the Dutch in 1606. In 1770, James Cook sailed along the east coast and claimed the land for Britain and named it New South Wales. In 1788 Britain's "First Fleet" sailed to Australia with its first prisoners/residents.



  • Australia officially became an independent country in 1901 when the British colonies New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania formed the Commonwealth of Australia.


  • New Zealand was discovered in 1642 by the Dutch and claimed for the United Kingdom in 1769 by James Cook.


Australian Food

The Australian/New Zealand diet closely resembles a British diet with a lot of meat (about 4 pounds a week) including beef and sheep along with wheat and seafood. An Aboriginal diet is based on a system of hunting and gathering.


  • One specialty food in Australia/New Zealand are anzac biscuits which are a type of cookies that became popular in World War I when there wasn't many eggs to cook with anzac stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) because that is who ate them.

  • A food that is usually cooked by bushmen is called damper. It is an unleavened bread and when people cook it, they burn the outside over a fire then break it open and eat the middle.


Climate In Australia and New Zealand

  • Most of Australia has an arid and semiarid climate. More tropical climates can be found in the north and temperate climate in the east. Summer (November-February) is warm, temperatures average 84ºF. In the winter (July-August) the average temp. is 77ºF. There is little rain in Australia. Most precipitation is in the east.


  • In New Zealand, there is a temperate and moist climate. The average temperature is 52ºF. In the north, temperatures are usually higher.


Travel

The best way to reach Australia is by airplane using Qantas Airlines, the official airline of Australia.


Travel Times

  • New York, NY- 21hr. 46min.
  • Las Angeles, CA- 17hr.
  • Chicago, IL - 20hr. 22min.
  • London, UK- 19hr. 28min.
  • Tokyo, Japan- 9hr. 10min.
  • Mexico City, Mexico- 18hr. 43min.
  • Delhi, India- 11hr. 9min.


Flight from Australia to New Zealand

  • 5hr. 32min.


Bibliography

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"Sydney Opera House Facts." Interesting Information for Kids, Pupils, Parents and Teachers. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.


"Sky Tower." Experience , the Attraction in Auckland. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.


"Australia: History." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.


"Australia: Food and Holidays." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.


"Australia–New Zealand Relations." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Nov. 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.


"Kangaroos Similar to Humans, Claim Australian Researchers." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 12 Jan. 0018. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.


"How Do I Explore the Australian Outback?" Australian Traveller. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.


"CRMUG Sydney, Australia." CRMUG. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.


"Australian Flag." - Flag Pictures. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.


"Aboriginal Flag - Australian Museum." Aboriginal Flag - Australian Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.



"Australia: Landforms & Climate." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.



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