By: Kayla, Simone, Anna, and Olivia
International News: The Line of Demarcation
The Line of Demarcation was just set by Pope Alexander VI, by the request of Ferdinand and Isabella! It separates New World into two sections. The west of the line belongs to Spain and the east of the ling belongs to Portugal. The pope set this line to stop confusion and to make it clear where the two countries could trade. However, there may arise controversy with other European countries who are under the Protestant faith. They do not obey the pope and may argue the land divided. The placement of the line may also spark debate between Spain and Portugal. The potential effects of the Line of Demarcation may vary and weather it will stand in future times is for debate. One thing is for sure, the Line of Demarcation makes it clear that Spain and Portugal, as well as other European countries need to build their empires quickly. Spain and Portugal are processing the Treaty of Tordisillas to verify the line, and its location. This treaty will hopefully dispute any problems that have arose between the two countries concerning the land and the line that has been put in place.
Travel to Macao
Welcome to the lovely province of Macao of southeastern China! This region is full of historical landmarks and culture. It also has a rich history! After the Portuguese explorers established trading posts in Goa and conquered Malacca, they moved to Macao. Now, we have a great relationship with them, helping us become wealthy in gold and silver payments. You can even visit the stone at Lintin Island, showing the Portugal's claim to Macao. Also, you can see the magnificent St. Paul's Cathedral, erected in 1518 by the Jesuits. One of the largest chapels in Asia, the cathedral is full of riches. It has a beautiful stone facade, with 66 steps leading to it. The chapel also has intricately carved Jesuit images that convey oriental themes. Be sure to visit one of the many European trading posts to take home an exotic souvenir. There is so much to experience in Macao, so come visit us today!
Slave Trade. For It or Against It?
One of the most important topics today is the issue of slave trade. Some people are for it, some are against it, and today, we're helping each of our readers make the decision for themselves. First, we'll address a little background, the word slave comes from "Slav" which refers to the large number of Slavic people taken from southern Russia to work as unpaid Laborers in Roman time. Slaves are a part of many societies including our European society. Currently we use slaves to perform labor in plantations, as household servants, and are often exchanged for textiles, metalwork, rum, tobacco, weapons, and gunpowder. We often get our slaves from African leaders, however there are currently some who are against slavery. An example is Affonso I, some others don't allow slave trade in their territories. So what do you think? Send your comments on slavery in and they could be posted in our next article on slavery.
New Knowledge, New Technology
Invented by the Chinese, the compass helps with direction. It uses Earth's magnetic field to its advantage and always points north. The compass allows navigators to find places more accurately, rather than relying on surroundings. European exploration wouldn't be possible without the compass. The caravels wouldn't of be as successful if it wasn't for the compass.
A caravel is a new kind of ship with more sails and is more aerodynamic. It's a huge advancement in our technology. Other ships are slower in the water because they're was more rectanuglar and only have one or two sails. The caravel was shaped better and had at least four. It helps us get to places quicker.
Another fancy device our world and sciences has created is the astrolabe. The astrolabe is a device that used to make astronomical measurements, typically of the altitudes of sky, and in navigation for calculating latitude. In its basic form, it consists of a disk with the edge marked in degrees and a pivoted pointer. How cool is that? Technology like this is unbelievable.
Our minds keep growing and growing with all of this knowledge of the new worlds and technology. How much more advanced can we get? Imagine what the world would be like when your grandchildren are old. Our minds filled with knowledge and wisdom will be so powering. Our technology is really making us advance on to the new generation.
Since the slave trade is increasing throughout Europe I decided to interview a slave. I interviewed Ffumbe. His owners taught him how to speak English so he can communicate with the English. Ffumbe thought it was very weird to be talking in such strange tongue. He said, "The way you write is different from what you speak. It is very hard to pronounce words."
His owners, a wealthy English family, thought his English was amazing since he only started speaking it a month ago. The wife said, "I taught him English myself. From what he's saying he doesn't want to be here. At least we treat him better than America does to their slaves. He at least has a bed, food, and clothes."
After hearing this I asked Ffumbe about this lifestyle here. He said how it was interesting to see Europe for himself because he always heard about it as a kid. Ffumbe grew up right next to Cape Town so he always saw the trade. He said that the traditions are different from his home town. He thought it was weird how he always was ordered to follow the husband around at parties and in public areas. Before being a slave, he thought they just hide in the corner.
Later, after talking to him for a while, I asked Ffumbe about his name. I was curious to know if it had a special origin. He said, "It means cook or slave. My mom named me this because of her love of cooking." Then I asked if he he does cook and he replied by shaking his head no.
It was very nice talking to Ffumbe and his masters. Ffumbe dosen't enjoy his new lifestyles as much, but it is better most slaves. He was one of the high ranked slaves in the masters household.
Now if you want a slave like Ffumbe then on Saturday come down to Main Street and there is going to be an auction.
THE NEWEST AND GREATEST COMPASS
Has your old compass been leading you in the wrong direction? Do you want the compass that all the greatest navigators are using?
If you answered yes to any of these questions then we have the compass for you. It is equipped with the latest and greatest technology! We will even throw in a free case with your paid order.
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Ferdinand Magellan died at the tragic age of 41. He was born in Saborosa in Villa Real, Province of Traz os Montes in Portugal. Ferdinand came from a wealthy family who had strong connections with the Portugese Court. He is most famous for being the first ship to circumnavigate the globe. Magellan was killed by Philippine natives, along with most of the crew. Out of five ships, only the Victoria returned to Spain with only 18 survivors.
Affonso I died at the old age of 86. He was born as Mvemba a Nzinga to become the 6th King of Kongo. Being born into princedom, Affonso always knew he would one day be a ruler, and spent his childhood preparing. During rise of slavery, Affonso fought for his people's rights. He would write letters to Portuguese kings ("Catholic to catholic") pleading them to stop and showing them the wrong they were committing. He died of natural causes after citizen plotted his death. His grandchildren gained his power
October 6, 1552- May 11, 1610
Matteo Ricci died at the age of 58. He was born in Macerata, Italy, which is today in the region of Marche. He began learning the Roman Jesuit teachings and, in 1571, he joined the order. He then began a missionary trip to India in 1577. Ricci was one of the most successful missionaries that traveled to Asia, due to his technique. Unlike the majority, Ricci took the time to learn the language and culture of the area. He died in Beijing on May 11, 1610 due to natural causes.
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