Men were only allowed to be soldiers, no other occupation. The helots were people they captured and put into slavery. They had two kings that would rule a council and tangent.
Sparta was a very rich area, with a lot of minerals.
The Spartans had multiple classes of people. The helots, the perioikoi (merchants, manufacturers, and craftsmen), peasants, and the rich.
Athens had a democracy, known as Athenian Democracy. It was the first known democracy in the world. Male adults were allowed to vote on laws and government officials.
Athens economy was heavily reliant on trade. They were by the sea so they were able to trade with other countries easily. They traded honey, olive oil, silver, and painted pottery.
The athenians had 4 social classes. Slaves, metics (Free people that weren't citizens), Women, and citizens, these were the four broadest classes, but all of them have sub-classes.