Dianthus caryophyllus (Carnations)

Jaden jI

Importance of Plant *Note when I type Carnations I mean Dianthus caryophyllus.

1.The flower that represents anyone who celebrate a January birthday.

2. This flower used for ancient Greek ceremonial events.


3. An edible flower.


4. Ohio's official state flower, (red carnation).


5. Official flower of mothers day.

Plant Parts (This flower is a one of the types of Carnations but still have the same reproductive parts)

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Annual/Perennial

Mostly perennial but some are annual, there are more than 300 species of this flower.

Perennial- A plant or a flower that lives for more than two years.

Annual- A plant or a flower that dies within a year.

Location Found

Carnations originated from Southern Europe, but are widely found throughout the U.S in various forms. Its mainly found in South Africa, Europe, and the Mediterranean regions of Europe.

Vascular/ Nonvascular

Carnations are vascular because carnations have the ability to move water to any part of the plant or flower, and has roots, a stem and leaves. This flower contains tissue that allows water and nutrients to move throughout the plant. This does NOT show a picture of A Carnation.
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Dicot or Monocot

A carnation is a dicot because it has vascular tissue, and two seed leaves,(cotyledons) and is a vascular plant. (The picture showing this is above.) Also the carnations' vascular bundles form a ring and it has net veined leaves. (Below)

Dicot- Embryo with 2 cotyledons, usually

developing above ground.

A primary root usually present.

Vascular bundles usually forming a ring.

Flower parts usually 4 or 5.

Leaves usually net-veined.

Monocot-

Embryo with 1 cotyledon, usually developing under ground Roots usually fibrous.

Growth is mostly herbaceous.

Vascular bundles scattered.

Leaves usually parallel-veined.

Flower parts usually in multiples of 3.

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Herb or Woody

Carnations have Herbivorous stems because a carnations stem is thin, flexible and is not made out of wood or bark.
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Root Classification and Structure

The functions of a carnations roots is too hold the plant securely embedded in the ground, store extra food made during photosynthesis, and it supply's the plant with minerals and water it absorbed from the ground. A carnations root is a taproot because it has a long, straight root, growing directly downwards, and has other roots growing laterally. This does NOT show a picture of a CARNATIONS' root.
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Leaf Structure

A carnations leaf has an upper epidermis and a lower epidermis, it uses photosynthesis located in its chloroplasts to make food. Lastly the leaves capture carbon dioxide to make food, sugar, and energy.
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Reproductive System

First, pollen grains collect on stigmas, then both male haploids combine with the female nucleus and the polar nucleus. Most likely the embryo and seed or fruit will develop once the female egg is fertilized.

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