The Battle of Adwa

by Zoe Pharo


  1. Atlaw, Fesseha. "History of the Battle of Adwa." Battle of Adwa - History. Accessed March 23, 2014.

This is a website that focuses solely on the Battle of Adwa. It outlines the history in great detail, and explains who was involved in the Battle of Adwa thoroughly. It is credible, as the author has done extensive research on the battle and cites sources such as Encyclopedia Britannica. He attended Addis Ababa University and the University of Nebraska. This is a good webpage to visit after conducting some introductory research and having some background on the topic

Database Article: EBSCO

2. Blake, Greg. 1997. "Ethiopia's Decisive Victory at Adowa." Military History 14, No. 4: 62. Academic Search Elite, EBSCOhost (accessed March 24, 2014),

This article gives a very in-depth summary of the Battle of Adwa. It is a good place to start or to look at later on in the research process because it gives very detailed info, but it is easy to read even with little previous knowledge on the subject. Besides the descriptions, this source also includes images that highlight parts of the reading. This source is very authoritative, as it comes from the database EBSCO.

Database Article: Encyclopedia Britannica

3. The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. "Battle of Adwa (Italy-Ethiopia [1896])."Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, N.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2014.

This article is credible as it comes from the database Encyclopedia Britannica. This article is a very good place to start researching, as it is shorter than many articles, allowing it to give an informative, yet brief background on the Battle of Adwa. This article highlights what goes on leading up to Battle of Adwa effectively, instead of simply focusing on the actual event of the battle.


4. Jonas, Raymond Anthony. The Battle of Adwa: African Victory in the Age of Empire. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011.

This is the most well-known and widely available publication on the Battle of Adwa. It is a very authoritative source as Raymond Jonas, the author, is a historian of the modern era and a professor at the University of California. He has also published many books prior to this one. This book identifies specific people involved in the Battle of Adwa thoroughly, and gives information through a story, therefore making the reading interesting.


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5. McLachlan, Sean. Armies of the Adowa Campaign 1896: The Italian Disaster in Ethiopia. Oxford: Osprey Pub, 2011.

This book is relatively short (45 pages). It is very easy to comprehend visually, as the text is broken up with pictures, tables, maps, and timelines. This source provides many facts, and the timeline shows the unfolding of events in a helpful format, also supplying important dates that are easy to refer back to. This book has authority as the author has written many other books, and is a former archaeologist who mainly writes on history.



6. Unknown Artist. The Battle of Adwa. The Battle of Adwa, Painting by an Unknown Artist Larger Image Use Digital Image Print Record Height: 112.00 Cm Width: 164.00 Cm Donated by H L Littler Af1974,11.34 Room 66: Ethiopia and Egypt The Battle of Adwa, Painting by an Unknown Artist AD 1940-9. Room 66: Ethiopia and Egypt, The British Museum, London. Accessed March 23, 2014.

This painting is very credible, as it is being displayed currently in the British Museum. Also, a lot of information is known about the painting, such as who the people were who are portrayed in it and when and where it was made. This painting is helpful because it gives what is considered a fairly accurate visual of what the Battle of Adwa looked like. Also, it identifies specific people involved in the Battle. The information that goes with the painting enhances the viewer's understanding.