Human Rights

Derecho Humanos

Universal And Inalienable

The principle of the University of human rights is the cornerstone of the international law of human rights. This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, has been withdrawn in numerous conventions, declarations and resolutions on human rights, at the World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna in 1993, for example, it was decided that all states had the duty, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems, to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms.

All States have ratified at least one, and 80 percent of them four or more of the major human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States to establish legal obligations undertake to comply, and giving the concept of a concrete expression of universality. Some fundamental human rights norms enjoy universal protection under customary international law Travex all boundaries and civilizations.

¿ Qué son los Derechos Humanos ?. Organización Unidos por los Derechos Humanos

Equal And Non-Discriminatory

Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law. It is present in all major human rights treaties and is the focus of some international conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.

The principle applies to all persons in relation to all human rights and freedoms, and prohibits discrimination on the basis of a non-exhaustive list of categories such as sex, race, color, and so on. The principle of non-discrimination is complemented by the principle of equality, as stipulated in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights".

Rights And Obligations

Human rights include both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, protect and fulfill human rights. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with the enjoyment of human rights, or limit them. The obligation to protect requires States to prevent abuses of human rights against individuals and groups. The obligation to fulfill means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. At the individual level, and we must enforce our human rights, we must also respect the human rights of others.

Types Of Rights

In the study of human rights that have developed different classifications in order to determine the appropriate characteristics to each group, but not in order to establish hierarchy between them. The criteria for classifications have been of different kinds, political, historical. One of the classifications is what distinguishes three groups of human rights in generations and responds to the order of their appearance in history.

This internationally accepted classification is not the order of importance of human rights, since all human rights are interdependent and integral. According to this classification exists.

Los derechos humanos son para todos