Universal And Inalienable
The principle of the University of human rights is the cornerstone of the international law of human rights. This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, has been withdrawn in numerous conventions, declarations and resolutions on human rights, at the World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna in 1993, for example, it was decided that all states had the duty, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems, to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms.
All States have ratified at least one, and 80 percent of them four or more of the major human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States to establish legal obligations undertake to comply, and giving the concept of a concrete expression of universality. Some fundamental human rights norms enjoy universal protection under customary international law Travex all boundaries and civilizations.
Equal And Non-Discriminatory
Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law. It is present in all major human rights treaties and is the focus of some international conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.
The principle applies to all persons in relation to all human rights and freedoms, and prohibits discrimination on the basis of a non-exhaustive list of categories such as sex, race, color, and so on. The principle of non-discrimination is complemented by the principle of equality, as stipulated in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights".
The Logo for Human Rights is the result of the international initiative driven by the same name in 2010. The aim of this initiative was to establish an internationally recognized logo to support the global movement for the defense of human rights.
There is considerable debate about the cultural background of human rights. Generally it considered to have their roots in modern Western culture, but there are at least two main positions more. Some claim that all cultures have visions of dignity that are embodied in the form of human rights, and refer to proclamations like Manden Charter, 1222, founding statement of the Mali Empire. However, neither Japanese nor in classical Sanskrit, for example, there was the right term until contact with Western culture occurred, as these cultures have traditionally placed emphasis on homework. There are also those who believe that the West has not created the idea or the concept of human rights, although a concrete way to systemize, a progressive discussion and the project of a philosophy of human rights.
One of the oldest documents that have been linked to human rights is the Cyrus Cylinder, which contains a statement by the Persian King Cyrus the Great after his conquest of Babylon in 539. C. It was discovered in 1879 and the UN in 1971 translated to all official languages. It can be framed in a Mesopotamian tradition centered on the figure of the righteous king, whose first known example is Urukagina king of Lagash, who reigned during XXIV century. C., and where possible to also emphasize Hammurabi of Babylon and its famous Code, dating from the eighteenth century. C. However, the Cyrus Cylinder has novel features, particularly with regard to religion. It has been positively assessed by its humanist sense and is even described as the first declaration of rights humanos.30 Many historians, however, believe that the term is alien to the historical context.
Rights And Obligations
Types Of Rights
In the study of human rights that have developed different classifications in order to determine the appropriate characteristics to each group, but not in order to establish hierarchy between them. The criteria for classifications have been of different kinds, political, historical. One of the classifications is what distinguishes three groups of human rights in generations and responds to the order of their appearance in history.
This internationally accepted classification is not the order of importance of human rights, since all human rights are interdependent and integral. According to this classification exists.