Africa

The world's second largest continent.

Basic Information About Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 11.7 million square miles including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With over 1.0 billion people, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states, 9 territories and two independent states.

Several African languages are whistled or drummed to communicate over long distances.

Languages of Africa

About a hundred of the languages of Africa are widely used for inter-ethnic communication. Arabic, Berber, Amharic, Somali, Oromo, Swahili, Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba are spoken by tens of millions of people. If clusters of up to a hundred similar languages are counted together, twelve are spoken by 75%, and fifteen by 85%, of Africans as a first or additional language.

Citation

"Languages of Africa." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 May 2013. Web. 23 May 2013.