Deveolping Guidance Skills

Chapters 14,15 & 16

The Ongoing Process Of Guidance

Guidance: consists of direct and indirect actions used by an adult to help children develop appropriate behavior patterns.

Guidance in the classroom is ongoing, because children are unpreitdtable when it comes to their feelings and emotions. Us as teachers have to set good examples and guide them in the correct way after all, our personality triggers their behaviors.

Indirect Guidance: Outside factors that influence behavior

Direct Guidance: Nonverbal (physical) and verbal actions

Indirect vs. Direct Guidance Techniques


  • Facial gestures (eye contact, smile etc.) Facial expressions can relay many messages and emotions to a child.

Indirect Guidance

  • Try addressing the group as a whole, not individually.

Positive guidance skills

- Establish a set of rules in order for preschoolers to know what to expect

- Use positive verbal guidance

- tell children what to do instead of what not to do

- Reinforce positive behavior

Open-Ended Questions

One way to help with children's language skills is by using open-ended questions. Open-ended questions help the child because there is simply no right or wrong answer. Asking open-ended questions shows the child that you are open to hearing what they have to say. Open-ended questions should start with "why", "how"," what do you think". By starting the question like that the child can respond how he/she wants it gives the child a open field of answers and can answer the way he/she wants to respond to your question.


1. What is an apperaite approach when guiding children ?

A: Get down to the child eye-level and speak in firm but gentle voice.

2. Why is speaking to a child at eye-level so important?

A: It doesn't make them feel like your towering over them, and it also lets you give them eye contact so they can pay attention.