By Reagan Marsh
Locomotion of the Ocean
When you think about the ocean, you think of relaxing on the shore for vacation. But, there so much more to know about it! What is the ocean, you ask? Well, the ocean is a saltwater body of water. It is home to many, many abiotic and biotic factors. There are many predators searching for prey and many producers and consumers lurking the ocean floor.Keep on reading to learn about this outrageous biome.
Facts that Attract
The ocean is full of facts that attract. I bet you didn't know this: oceans cover about 70% of the Earth! Oh, and did you know that the ocean has more animals than on land. With that being said, the ocean contains 99% of the living space on the Earth! Isn't that amazing?
Map of Oceans
Oceans cover about 70% of the earth!
Ocean and land animals
The ocean has more animals than on land!
Animals of the Ocean
The ocean contains 99% of living space on earth!
Pouncing Predators and Praying Prey
There are so many predators and prey prowling around the ocean. There are some you don't even know about. Predators are organisms that kill for food and they are usually either secondary or tertiary. Prey is an organism that predators feed on. These predators and prey are also part of a food chain. Sharks, whales and plankton are all pouncing predators. They roam around the ocean searching for prey, such as; plankton, sea lions, and phytoplankton.
Aquatic Abiotic and Beautiful Biotic
Aquatic abiotic factors are super important. Without them, we would not survive. Biotic factors are also important. Abiotic and biotic factors work together in an ecosystem. They are all around us. Water, air, soil, rain, and other nonliving organisms are called abiotic factors. Animals, plants, humans, and other living things are called biotic factors. Every ecosystem needs a balance of nature. Abiotic and biotic factors help make that happen.
The saltwater that makes up the ocean is an abiotic factor. The animals living in it are biotic factors.
Proficient Producers and Courageous Consumers
Producers and consumers are everywhere! You may not know it, but they are. Producers are organisms that serve as a source of food for other organisms. Consumers are organisms that consume what a producer produces. Try saying that ten times fast! There are some pretty interesting producers, like: algae, kelp, and diatoms. Diatoms are a type of plankton. And, I bet you didn't know about these crazy consumers: krill, sharks, whales, plankton, and crustaceans. Krill is a small shrimplike crustacean. So, these organisms are pretty similar. There are so much more consumers and producers. I encourage you to research more about these and become an expert on these, too.
- biome - a naturally occurring community occupying a major habitat
- predator - an animal that naturally preys on other animals
- prey- an animal that is hunted and killed by another animal called a predator for food
- food chain- a series of organisms each dependent on the next as a source of food
- phytoplankton- plankton consisting microscopic plants
- abiotic- a nonliving thing such as water and air
- biotic- a living thing such as an animal or plant
- ecosystem- a community of interacting organisms and their environment
- producers- a producer that serves as a source of food for other organisms
- organisms-an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
- consumers- a consumer that consumes what a producer produces
- krill- a small shrimplike planktonic crustacean