Human Body Corporations

The Thyroid Riley, alex, and lauren

Another organ in the body

Adrenal gland- The adrenal glands are tiny organs that rest on top of each kidney. Despite their small size, the adrenal glands play an important role in the body, producing numerous hormones that impact our development and growth, affect our ability to deal with stress, and help to regulate kidney function. The adrenal glands are comprised of two parts--the cortex and medulla--that produce hormones (chemicals messengers that regulate body functions). The medulla, or inner part of the adrenal glands, produces the hormones norepinephrine and epinephrine, which regulate the "fight or flight" response in the body, the body's reaction to stressful events. The cortex, the outer portion of the adrenal glands, produces several hormones that affect blood pressure and blood sugar levels, growth, as well as some sexual characteristics.

Five Facts About The Endocrine System

1. The endocrine system sends signals throughout the body, much like the nervous system, but unlike the immediate responses triggered by the nervous system, the effects can take a few hours or weeks.

2. The endocrine system is a group of small but immensely important organs that regulate metabolism, growth, tissue functioning, puberty, development and moods. These functions are performed via the release of hormones, which are extra-cellular signaling molecules that transmit information and instructions from a set of cells to another. The three most important endocrine glands are the pituitary, adrenal and thyroid. Almost every organ and cell in the body is affected by the endocrine system.

3. Endocrine glands are vascular and generally do not have ducts, using intracellular vacuoles, or granules, to store hormones. They differ from, exocrine glands — salivary glands, sweat glands and glands within the gastrointestinal tract — which have ducts or a hollow lumen.

4. The hormones (which are often called chemical messengers) that are released by glands in endocrine system are very crucial to regulating different systems of our body including our mood and growth. There are more than 30 major hormones which are secreted by glands in endocrine system.

5. A group of glands that signal each other in sequence are usually referred to as an axis. One example is the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which coordinates interactions among the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland and the adrenal, also called "suprarenal" glands, which are small, conical organs on top of the kidneys.

Removal of another organ

The appendix in the immune system. For we have no need for it. Our bodies no longer need to digest cellulose (plant material such as tree bark and wild grasses). Unless you resort back to our ancestor’s diet this will not serve a fatal blow to the health of the body.

Diseases and Conditions

The bodies metabolism would be unbalanced consisting in many internal damages. For instense the increased action of the thyroid gland can cause a faster heart which will eventually end up in a heart attack (cadiac arrest) which would eventually start to shut down the circulatory system till it shuts down completely. The muscular system would start disfunctioning because the endocrine system controls how and when the muscles and tissues grow and form. One disease that would devlope is bone growth disorderment.

Interdependence of other body systems with the endocrine system

If you’re endocrine system isn’t able to send out hormonal messages to the muscles and bones in your body it won’t able to grow at a normal rate or could possible stop growing at all, these are disorders that can permanently disrupt the natural growth cycle of the human body. Also the effects of the thyroid hormone on the circulatory system can be dramatic. According to the Department of Clinical Medicine and Cardiovascular Sciences, at the University of Naples, Italy, increased action of the thyroid hormone can cause cardiovascular derangements. In other words, hyperthyroidism can cause a hyperdynamic cardiovascular state (faster heart rate), which can result in a heart attack (cardiac arrest.)