Age of Exploration News
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Exclusive Interview with Prince Henry of Portugal
Ethan: I am here with Prince Henry of Portugal for an interview today.
Henry: I am glad to be here, so what do you want to know?
Ethan: When were you born?
Henry: 1394 in Portugal.
Ethan: Oh wow, besides a prince what else did you do in your lifetime?
Henry: I was also an explorer, soldier and prince.
Ethan: Was there anything major that you did in your lifetime
Henry: I sent many fleets of ships out throughout the world and started a school of navigation for the my Portuguese people. The first school was opened in Sagres, Portugal in 1419. The program also taught my people navigation, map-making and science. My program was able to map out most of the west coast of Africa.
Ethan: Wow that is great, so what religion were you?
Henry: I was a Christian and because of my school's expeditions we were able to spread the Christian religion to some parts of the coast of Africa. The people we are converting should help us against the Muslims in the area.
Ethan: Well that is all the time we have today I am very thankful that you came today for the interview
Henry: Oh it's no problem. It is a good thing you decided to interview me now because I will die in the year 1460.
Ethan: Um okay. Thanks for coming...
Technology in the Age of Exploration
The Deaths of Our Beloved Explorers
Christopher Columbus was born on 1451 in Italy. When he became an explorer, he sailed west into the Atlantic Ocean and discovered islands which he thought to be part of Asia. He took three ships on his journey to try to find Asia. The Niña which was the smallest. The Pinta which was the quickest of the three. Lastly, the Santa Maria the largest, but slowest ship; this was the ship Christopher Columbus sailed on. With these three ships he sailed to the islands next to the Americas thinking it was Asia. Christopher Columbus later dies on May 20, 1506 in Valladolid, Spain.
Vasco da Gama was born in Sines, Portugal around 1460. When he got older he became an explorer and discovered India by traveling around South Africa and eventually making it to India. On his search for India he took 20 ships, ten which was under his control. On his journey he landed in many African cities such as Mecca, Calicut and Cochin. In Mecca, his crew and himself killed hundreds of people. Then they moved to Calicut and destroyed their trade port and killed 38 hostages. From there they went to Cochin and they formed an alliance with the ruler of that city. Then during the same year of his discovery of India, he goes back to Cochin. It was said the reason he died was because he was overworking himself. In Cochin, Vasco da Gama died in 1538, and was returned to Portugal for where he was buried.
Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal around 1480. Later in life, Magellan and his fleet from Europe showed proof that you could be able to circumnavigate the earth. Magellan and his crew traveled to South America where they went through the Strait of Magellan. From there they made their way to the Philippines where there was a war which Magellan and his crew became apart of. Magellan died in this war on April 27, 1521. His crew ended up completing the circumnavigation of the world.
The African Slave Trade has Begun!
The years are 1415 to 1796 and the world is in turmoil. Wars are being fought, trade is exploding everywhere, and new countries are being formed. In the early 1400s nearly the entirety of Europe are looking for a source of spices to trade with, or to own. One of the main sources of spices for Europe was the Moluccas in present day Indonesia.During that time Arab and Italian traders were in control of most of the trade, making a large profit from it. People started thinking that it would be simpler and more profitable to find a more direct route to Asia.
Prince Henry was one of the first people to fund exploration around Africa. The explorers that he sent worked on finding different routes to Asia and mapping the African coast line. In 1497 Vasco de Gama followed in Dias' path after he round the bottom of Africa by sailing all the way to India, successfully opening up a trade route and making a very large profit after selling all the spices he had collected to Europeans. Columbus then decided to sail west to find another way to India with funding from king Ferdinand. He never did make it to India although he did arrive in the Caribbean and named the natives Indians, as he did believe that he had made it to India.