Age of Exploration News

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Visit the Beautiful West Indies!

These gorgeous islands are inhabited, well, were inhabited by three different tribes: the Arawaks, the Caribs, and the Ciboney. These friendly tribes were sadly wiped out by the European colonists. The first European to visit these islands was Christopher Columbus in 1492. In 1496, the first permanent European settlement was formed on the island of Hispanola. By the middle 1600s, the English, French, and Dutch had established settlements in the area that you can visit for only $300* per day!


*Prices raise after one day of visiting.

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Exclusive Interview with Prince Henry of Portugal

Ethan: I am here with Prince Henry of Portugal for an interview today.

Henry: I am glad to be here, so what do you want to know?

Ethan: When were you born?

Henry: 1394 in Portugal.

Ethan: Oh wow, besides a prince what else did you do in your lifetime?

Henry: I was also an explorer, soldier and prince.

Ethan: Was there anything major that you did in your lifetime

Henry: I sent many fleets of ships out throughout the world and started a school of navigation for the my Portuguese people. The first school was opened in Sagres, Portugal in 1419. The program also taught my people navigation, map-making and science. My program was able to map out most of the west coast of Africa.

Ethan: Wow that is great, so what religion were you?

Henry: I was a Christian and because of my school's expeditions we were able to spread the Christian religion to some parts of the coast of Africa. The people we are converting should help us against the Muslims in the area.

Ethan: Well that is all the time we have today I am very thankful that you came today for the interview

Henry: Oh it's no problem. It is a good thing you decided to interview me now because I will die in the year 1460.

Ethan: Um okay. Thanks for coming...


-Ethan Rapoza

Works Cited

"Age of Exploration Technology - Bahiasageofexploration." Age of Exploration Technology - Bahiasageofexploration. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <https://sites.google.com/site/bahiasageofexploration/age-of-exploration-technology>.

Technology in the Age of Exploration

During the age of exploration, technology was mainly focused on sea transportation and effeciency. The caravel was a great invention. The caravel was a small to medium sized ship that was easy to maneuver and was cheap. This was the ideal boat for an explorer. The galleon was a ship that evolved from the caravel. This ship was able to change from a trading ship to a war ship depending on the surcumstances. To guide these ships, several different tools were used by explorers. The most famous tool is the compass. This helped navigators understand in which direction they were headed and it also gave apraximate degrees. Next to the compass is the gridded map. The gridded map was extremely helpful to navigators because it showed the distance between one place and another. These were not the only tools used for sailing. Navigators also looked to the stars and used astrolabes to guide them. An astrolabe is a tool used to measure the angles of the stars. All of these factors and tools combined created the age of exploration.

The Deaths of Our Beloved Explorers

Three important Age of Discovery figures are Christopher Columbus, Vasco de Gama and Ferdinand Magellan.

Christopher Columbus was born on 1451 in Italy. When he became an explorer, he sailed west into the Atlantic Ocean and discovered islands which he thought to be part of Asia. He took three ships on his journey to try to find Asia. The Niña which was the smallest. The Pinta which was the quickest of the three. Lastly, the Santa Maria the largest, but slowest ship; this was the ship Christopher Columbus sailed on. With these three ships he sailed to the islands next to the Americas thinking it was Asia. Christopher Columbus later dies on May 20, 1506 in Valladolid, Spain.

Vasco da Gama was born in Sines, Portugal around 1460. When he got older he became an explorer and discovered India by traveling around South Africa and eventually making it to India. On his search for India he took 20 ships, ten which was under his control. On his journey he landed in many African cities such as Mecca, Calicut and Cochin. In Mecca, his crew and himself killed hundreds of people. Then they moved to Calicut and destroyed their trade port and killed 38 hostages. From there they went to Cochin and they formed an alliance with the ruler of that city. Then during the same year of his discovery of India, he goes back to Cochin. It was said the reason he died was because he was overworking himself. In Cochin, Vasco da Gama died in 1538, and was returned to Portugal for where he was buried.

Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal around 1480. Later in life, Magellan and his fleet from Europe showed proof that you could be able to circumnavigate the earth. Magellan and his crew traveled to South America where they went through the Strait of Magellan. From there they made their way to the Philippines where there was a war which Magellan and his crew became apart of. Magellan died in this war on April 27, 1521. His crew ended up completing the circumnavigation of the world.

The African Slave Trade has Begun!

Europeans find that slaves are the most valuable item from the Africans. Slavery has existed for centuries, many great empires had slaves such as the Romans and Arabs. Europeans put the slaves on plantations, but the rich Europeans bought them to be household slaves. Europeans would give textiles, metalwork, weapons, gunpowder, tobacco, and rum to the Africans to get slaves. The slave trade had become a profitable business. One of the first African rulers that actually tried to stop the slave trade is Affonso I. Affonso I took school in Portugal, when he became a ruler he wanted to convert Africans to Christianity. Affonso I wanted to still have contact with Europe, but wanted the slave trade to end. He sent a letter to the Europeans in charge of the slave trade, but they denied his appeal. The slave trade would continue.

International News

The years are 1415 to 1796 and the world is in turmoil. Wars are being fought, trade is exploding everywhere, and new countries are being formed. In the early 1400s nearly the entirety of Europe are looking for a source of spices to trade with, or to own. One of the main sources of spices for Europe was the Moluccas in present day Indonesia.During that time Arab and Italian traders were in control of most of the trade, making a large profit from it. People started thinking that it would be simpler and more profitable to find a more direct route to Asia.

Prince Henry was one of the first people to fund exploration around Africa. The explorers that he sent worked on finding different routes to Asia and mapping the African coast line. In 1497 Vasco de Gama followed in Dias' path after he round the bottom of Africa by sailing all the way to India, successfully opening up a trade route and making a very large profit after selling all the spices he had collected to Europeans. Columbus then decided to sail west to find another way to India with funding from king Ferdinand. He never did make it to India although he did arrive in the Caribbean and named the natives Indians, as he did believe that he had made it to India.

-Harrison Wardwell

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