A Tour of Rome

By:Jake'll Johnson 3B

location and Geography of Rome

characterized by the Seven Hills and The Tiber River. Rome city situated on the eastern banks of river Tiber has a geographical position of 41° 54' N and 12° 29' E. Rome lies to the west of the Apennine Mountains that forms the backbone of peninsular Italy. Being close to the Tyrrhenian Sea, Rome experiences a Mediterranean climate.

Ancestors / Colonists: Early settlers

When this settlement was formed is not known. Tradition says in 753. It may have been much earlier. These first settlers of Rome were possibly a colony from Alba. In the early stages of their history they united themselves with a Sabine colony that had settled north of them on the QUIRINAL HILL. The name of TITIES was given to this new tribe. A third tribe, named LUCERES, composed, possibly, of conquered Latins, was afterwards added and settled upon the COELIAN HILL.

Romulus and Remus Myth

Twin brothers , heirs to the throne, founders of Rome. Twin brothers who were abandoned by their mother to die. flown down the river Tiber , raised by a She-wolf and woodpecker.

The Colosseum

The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 70 AD, and was completed in 80 AD under his successor and heir Titus.Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitain (8196). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latin for its association with their family name

Baths of Caracalla

in Rome, Italy, were the second largest Roman public baths, or thermae, built in Rome between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla

Pantheon Building

Pantheon is a building in Rome, Italy, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus as a temple to all the gods of ancient Rome

Roman Roads (Emperor)

were vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 500 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

Trajan's Column

is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate

- Circus Maximus -

Circus Maximus today is not so very different to what the ancient Romans saw when they first started to use this small valley for sports. People sat on the ground on the slopes to watch sporting events.

The shape and structure of the Circus Maximus changed as fast as Rome grew and with the importance of chariot racing, one of the great Roman passions. The first building, built in the VII century B.C. by Tarquinio Prisco was made of wood, but in its moment of splendour, Circus Maximus would have been completely covered in marble and travertine stone.

Catacombs (Christians)

The Catacombs of Rome are ancient catacombs, underground burial places under Rome, Italy, of which there are at least forty, some discovered only in recent decades. Though most famous for Christen burials, either in separate catacombs or mixed together, they began in the 2nd century AD, mainly as a response to overcrowding and shortage of land.

Forum (Multiple emperors)

Vitellius became emperor in mid 69. His claim to the throne was quickly challenged by Legions stationed in the Eastern provinces, who declared their commander Vespasian Emperor in his place. reign of Titus was struck by multiple natural disasters, the most severe of which was the eruption of Mount Vesuivus in 79.

Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemy)

Ptolemy was Greco-Roman writer of Alexandria, poet of a single epigram in the greek anthology.Claudius Ptolemy was a distinguished astronomer and geographer. Ptolemy’s major astrological text is the ‘Tetrabiblos Syntaxis’, meaning four books.

virgil

In appearance Virgil was tall and dark, his face reflecting the rural lower-class stock from which he came. His health was never strong. Horace (65–8 B.C.E. ) tells us that on a journey to Brundisium in 37 B.C.E. , he and Virgil were unable to join their fellow travelers in their games for he had sore eyes and Virgil was suffering from indigestion. Poor health and his shy nature and love of study made him a recluse, or one who withdraws from the world.