Sexually Transmitted Diseases


1) STIs

You can still have an STI without any signs or symptoms. This actually happens with a lot of STIs. Even without symptoms, you're still at risk of passing the infection along to your sexual partners. That's why you should always use protection, such as a condom, during sex. You should also visit your doctor on a regular basis for STI screenings, so you can treat an infection before passing it on to your sexual partners.
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2) Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection of your genital tract. Chlamydia may be difficult for you to detect because early-stage infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms.

Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Painful urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Vaginal discharge in women
  • Discharge from the penis in men
  • Pain during sexual intercourse in women
  • Testicular pain in men

3) Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection of your genital tract. The first gonorrhea symptoms generally appear within two to 10 days after exposure. Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea may include:
  • Thick, cloudy or bloody discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Abnormal menstrual bleeding
  • Painful, swollen testicles
  • Anal itching
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4) Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a common STI caused by Trichomonas Vaginilis ,a microscopic, one-celled parasite. This organism spreads during sexual intercourse with someone who already has the infection. The organism usually infects the urinary tract in men, but often causes no symptoms in men. Trichomoniasis usually infects the vagina in women. Signs and symptoms may include:
  • Clear, white, greenish or yellowish vaginal discharge
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Strong vaginal odor
  • Itching or irritation
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Painful urination
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5) HIV

HIV is an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV interferes with your body's ability to effectively fight off viruses, bacteria and fungi that cause disease, and it can lead to AIDS, a chronic, life-threatening disease.

When first infected with HIV, you may have no symptoms at all. Some people develop a flu-like illness, usually two to six weeks after being infected.

Early HIV signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Rashes
  • Fatigue

As soon as you discover your infection, be sure to get treated immediately at a hospital, and avoid intercourse without a condom.

6) Genital Warts

Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections. At least half of all sexually active people will become infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes genital warts, at some point during their lives. Women are somewhat more likely than men to develop genital warts. In many cases, the warts are too small to be visible.

Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus. Some strains of genital HPV can cause genital warts; others can cause cancer. Vaccines can help protect against certain strains of genital HPV. To cure these, getting treatment from a doctor is highly recommended.

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7) Pubic Lice

Commonly known as Crabs, Pubic Lice are parasitic insects that surround the genital area of a human. A lice-killing lotion containing 1% permethrin is typically used to treat pubic lice. These products are available over-the-counter without a prescription at a local drug store or pharmacy. Results are best when treated in its early stages.
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8) Herpes

Genital Herpes is an STD caused by two types of viruses. The viruses are called herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2. Signs and symptoms of Genital Herpes can be very mild, as some mistaken the sores as blisters of just ingrown hairs. Signs can appear in your mouth as sores, and around the pubic/ genital areas. To avoid getting Herpes, you can have sexual relations with somebody who has already been tested for any STDs, and use a latex condom the right way.

9) Syphilis

Syphilis can remain hidden in the body for 10-20 years. Meanwhile, the virus attacks the internal organs, muscles, heart, brain, nerves, eyes, and joints, causing muscle spasms, loss of coordination, numbness, paralysis, brain damage, dementia, and eventually death. All this damage can begin with a single small sore on the genitals called a chancre. These usually go unnoticed. To protect yourself against this, always use protection during intercourse and other sexual activities. Get regular check-ups and get tested if you think you might have an STD. Lastly, the most recommended way to protect against STDs is to either limit your sexual partners to one, or to abstain from sex completely.

10) Hepatitis

Of Hepatitis A, B, and C, only Hepatitis B and C are considered to be sexually transmitted diseases. Routine Hepatitis vaccinations for children have reduced the number of the disease in the U.S. to only about 60,000 cases a year for both strains. Hepatitis C is most commonly contracted from using “dirty” needles for drug injections, while Hepatitis B is transmitted through bodily fluids and blood like HIV. Infection with Hepatitis can cause severe and deadly liver problems. Even though Hepatitis is considered to be the most dangerous STD next to Syphilis.