Wound Care Guide

By: Hannah Jones

Steps to Care for Wounds:

Controlling Bleeding:

  1. Direct Pressure

  • Pressure on wound with gauze
  • Don't remove if blood comes through, add more gauze

2. Elevation

  • Elevate above heart if possible, it slows bleeding
  • Continue pressure

3. Pressure Points

  • Apply pressure to an artery to decrease blood flow to an area
  • 2 main options:

1. Brachial artery - upper arm

2. Femoral artery - top of thigh

Immediate Care:

  • Use Universal Precautions - all wounds should be treated as though they have been contaminated with bloodborne pathogens
  • First step is to Put On Gloves!!
  • To minimize infection clean wound with copious amounts of soap, water, and sterile solution


  • Sterile dressing
  • Antibacterial ointments are effective in limiting bacterial growth ad preventing wound from sticking to dressing

Does it Need Stitches?

  • Deep lacerations, incisions, and occasionally punctures
  • May be needed if the wound edges cannot be easily pushed back together
  • Decision should be made by physician
  • Sutures should be used within 12 hours
  • Can use steri-strips if stitches are not required
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Signs of Infection:

  • Pain
  • Heat
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Disorder Function
  • Pus may form due to accumulation of white blood cells
  • Fever may develop as immune system fights bacterial infection