GEORGIA

EST. 1732

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BEGINNING OF GEORGIA

  • Georgia was the last of the original 13 colonies. Georgia became a state on Jan 2nd, 1788.
  • King George II of Great Britain granted a charter for the colony. So they named the colony after him. The charter granted them the powers of a corporation; they could elect their own government, make land grants, and make their own laws and taxes
  • They planned for years and traveled for 2 months crossing the Atlantic. On February 12, 1733 James Oglethorpe and 114 colonists founded the colony of Georgia.
  • The first twenty years of Georgia history are called Trustee Georgia because in that time a Board of Trustees governed the colony.


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IMPORTANT PEOPLE

  • Two important people were James Oglethorpe and King George II.
  • James was important because he directed the economic and political growth of the colony. Though his only title was trustee, he did not have a place in office.
  • King George II was important because he gave them the charter to start the colony.


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JOBS AND INDUSTRY

  • The jobs in the colony were: farmers, fur traders, carpenters and doctors.
  • Chief products were rice, indigo, lumber and fur. Indigo was the top product.


RACE AND RELIGION

  • The races were mostly English from Great Britain. But Georgia welcomed people with debts who wanted to start over. Criminals and Jews also found refuge in the colony.
  • Georgia was a melting pot of religions, the main church was the Anglican Church. Catholicism was banned until 1777.


DIFFERENCES

  • Georgia was the only colony that received financial aid by vote from parliament.
  • They also differed because they prohibited liquor and slavery.


EVENTS

War of Jenkins' Ear

  • Conflict between the Spanish and English over the land between South Carolina and Florida lasted almost two centuries.
  • A Spanish privateer cut off British captain Robert Jenkins's ear in 1731 as punishment for raiding Spanish ships. Jenkins presented the ear to Parliament, the English public was outrage and demanded retribution. Through the 1730s, diplomatic attempts between England and Spain occurred in Europe and America, but they only served to increase the animosity that led to war in late 1739.


Battle of Bloody Marsh

  • Led by Don Manuel de Montiano, governor of St. Augustine, the Spanish organized an invasion of Georgia in June 1742 with 4,500 to 5,000 soldiers.
  • Oglethorpe found out, got on a horse, and went to the scene, followed by reinforcements.
  • They call it the Battle of Bloody Marsh from its location, not so much the casualties. 50 men died, mostly Spanish.
  • The Spanish left the island on July 13.


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