Golda Meir


Golda Meir

born Golda Mabovitch Golda Meyerson/Myerson between 1917-1956; May 3, 1898 – December 8, 1978) was an Israeli teacher, kibbuztzik, stateswoman and politician and the prime miniter of israel .

Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister. The world's fourth and Israel's first and only woman to hold such an office, she has been described (תוארה) as the "Iron Lady" of isreli. Meir resigned (התפטרה) as prime minister in 1974, the year following the Yom Kippur War. She died in 1978 of lymphoma ((סוג של מחלת סרטן.

Meir was one of 24 signatories, including two women, of the Israeli Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948((גולדה מאיר חתמה על מגילת העצמאות.

In 1949 Meir was elected to the Knesset as a member of Mapai and served continuously until 1974. From 1949 to 1956, she served as Minister of Labour. While serving in this position, Meir carried out welfare state policies, orchestrated the integration of immigrants into Israel’s workforce,[20] and introduced major housing and road construction projects.[21] From 1949 to 1956, 200,000 apartments and 30,000 houses were built, large industrial and agricultural developments were initiated, and new hospitals, schools, and roads were built.[22] Meir also helped in the development of the National Insurance Act of 1954, which introduced Israel’s system of social security, together with the country’s maternity benefits programme and other welfare measures.[23]

In 1955, on Ben-Gurion's instructions, she stood for the position of mayor of Tel Aviv. She lost by the two votes of the religious bloc who withheld their support on the grounds that she was a woman.[24] (Mayors then were elected by the city council, rather than directly as now, see Municipal elections in Israel.)