Cell

By: Luke McCurley

Cell Theory



1

Cells are the basic structure and function of a living thing

2

All organisms (living things) are made out of cell

3

only existing cells can make new cells

Organelles

Every cell in your body contains organelles. Just like organs in the body in each organelle contributes in its own way to helping the cell function well as a whole.
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Plant and Animal Cells

Plant Cell

Plant cells are eukaryotes cells that different in several ways from the cells of other eukaryotic organisms.


Animal Cell

Animal cells are eukaryote cells, or cells with a membrane with a fast nucleus.

Organism Body

Organism

single celled organisms, the single cell performs all life functions. It functions by its self with no help. cells that work by them selfs may perform specific functions and also work together for the good of the entire organism.

Prokaryotes

Prokaryotes

Prokaryotic cells are simpler and smaller than the eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are by them self organisms, in which reproducing. In some cases few prokaryotic organisms also reproduce by budding.
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Eukaryote

Eukaryotes

Eukaryotes are larger than the prokaryotic cells.Eukaryotic cells can be easily succeed through a membrane with a fast nucleus.

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Respiration v.s. Photosynthesis

Respiration and Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis and respiration are reactions that complete each other in there environment. They are similar reactions but occurring in opposite. While in photosynthesis carbon dioxide and water supply glucose.The act of respiring or inhalation and exhalation of air breathing.

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eyespot

An organelle of the protist euglena that is sensitive to light.

lysosome

A small, round cell structure containing chemicals that break down large food particles into smaller ones.

amoeba

animal-like protist that moves by way of pseudopod

vacuole

Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates

euglena

a protist that has a single flagellum to move itself and obtains its nutrients by the process of photosynthesis.

oral groove

the mouth of the paramecium organism where food is taken in

cytoplasm

A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended

volvox

a unicellular protist that has chloroplasts and can carry out photosynthesis. The Volvox lives and travels in colonies (or groups). One colony or group can contain 500 to 60,000 volvox. It moves by using flagella.

paramecium

animal-like protist that moves by way of cilia

nucleus

Contains DNA—is the control center of the cell

cell

Basic unit of life

cell membrane

A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell.

cell wall

A rigid barrier for plant cells that protect and maintain the shape of a plant.

mitochondria

A provider of energy for a cell. It breaks down glucose for energy.

Chloroplast

Chloroplast are organelles, specialized subunits, in plant and algal cells. Their main role is to control photosynthesis.

Vacuole

vacuole is a membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist, animal and bacterial cells.