2. Diphtheria bacteria live in the mouth, throat, and nose of an infected person and can be passed to others by coughing or sneezing. Occasionally, transmission occurs from skin sores or through articles soiled with oozing from sores of infected people.
3. The symptoms are skin ulcers, fever, malaise and weakness, enlarged lymph nodes at the front of the neck, swelling of soft tissue in the neck, high heart rate, nausea, vomiting, chills, and headaches.
4. The disease is found all through the world but is more common in areas where immunization programmes have been limited.
5. It attacks children under 5 years old, adults over 60, those living in crowded or unsanitary conditions, the undernourished, and children and adults who do not have up to date immunizations.
6. The treatment is the second arm of treatment. The goal is both to kill the organism and to terminate toxin production. They give penicillin to treat it.
7. Diptheria is a gram- positive, aerobic nonmotile, toxin producing, rod shaped bacteria belonging to the order actinomycetales.