Civil Rights Movement

Kristine Beaumont

Civil Rights Movement and Today

The civil rights movement has revolutionized the way we look at equality in the United States in the twenty-first century. The civil rights was a movement during 1954-1968. African-Americans protested for their freedom, and to justify that every man is created equal. Southern America had unjust "laws" that made African-Americans viewed as objects rather than humans. Many white southerners were crucially racist and against the equality these African-Americans. But through the movement of non-violent resistance, and civil disobedience that was practiced by African-Americans, the laws were turned and America started the process of desegregation. By 1968, equality was finally made.


In today's world, we have become more adaptable to the idea of equality for all. This includes many of today's topics; transgender, bisexual, gay, lesbian, etc. The number of racial tension has decreased insanely. America has become more respectable to other races throughout the world that live here in America. I believe that without the help of the civil rights movement, we would have not been able to move forward with equality.

Moving for Desegregation

Montgomery Bus Boycott

On December 1st, 1955 Rosa parks in Montgomery Alabama refused to give up her seat to a white rider, as she sat in the front of the bus when the rules were that blacks must sit in the back. She was then sent to jail. Because of this incident the African-American community started to boycott the city's bus. 5 days later 90% of the community had boycotted the bus. This put a toll on the city because 3/4 of Montgomery was colored. By the next December, the buses were finally integrated due to the court case of Browder v. Gayle. The court announced the segregation of buses was unconstitutional. Martin Luther King Jr. played a huge role in this boycott which then created national attention.


March on Washington

In 1963 black leaders began to plan a March on Washington that was designed to advocate the passing of the Civil Rights Act that was stalled in Congress. Black and whites all around were urged to attend. Arrangements were made to make sure this was a success. More than 200,000 black and white Americans attended this day with speeches, songs and prayers led by clergymen, civil rights leaders, politicians etc. But, Martin Luther King Jr. "I Have A Dream" famous speech is what made the day, a day in history. The march was nevertheless projected affirmations of hope, and the faith in works of black and whites to work together with racial equality.


Freedom Rides

A group of 13 African-American and white civil rights activists made "The Freedom Rides" in May, 1961. They created a series of bus trips through southern America to protest segregation in bus terminals. This group of people were recruited by the Congress of Racial Equality which was a civil rights group. This group started in Washington D.C. and attempted to desegregate facilities at bus terminals. This group would use "whites only" restrooms, lunch areas, etc. Unfortunately, the group had to deal with loads of violence from white protesters along their journey. Luckily, their cause created nation-wide attention. Over the next couple of months, hundreds of freedom riders engaged in similar actions. By September 1961, the Interstate Commerce Commission issued regulations prohibiting segregation in bus and trains nation wide.

Important Contributors

Ralph Abernathy

Ralph was born in March 1926. He went to Alabama State University and was president of the student council when he was a sophomore. While a college student still, he became a minister in 1948. Two years later he graduated with a Bachelors degree in Mathematics. He then later went on to Atlanta University and got a Masters of Science degree in Sociology. Ralph was also a leader of the Civil Rights Movement. He was also a close friend the Martin Luther King Jr. In 1955 him and King created the Montgomery Improvement Association which helped lead the bus boycott in December of that year. He also founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He was a huge contribute to the success of the civil rights movement and his cause was a huge mark in history. He later died in April, 1990.
Big image

Daisy Bates

Daisy was born in 1914, where she grew up in Huttig Arkansas. She then married Lucious Bates, who worked on newspapers in the south and west in 1942. They both then moved to Little Rock, Arkansas. Bates and her husband were important figures in the black community as they published a black newspaper. And in 1952 Daisy was elected the president of Arkansas Conference of NAACP branches. After the Brown V. Board of Education case, Daisy primarily focused on the segregation of education. Realizing her focus on education to school integration, she was the chosen agent for the Little Rock Nine. She would then be with these 9 students every step of the way. She used her organizational skills to help get the kids into the school safely. After her huge involvement in the Little Rock Nine, she later moved to Washington D.C. and worked for the Democratic National Committee. She later died in 1999.
Big image

Groups that helped the movement

NAACP

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was one of the most influential civil right groups in the U.S. It was also one of the earliest as it was created in 1909. It was created by a group of white and black intellectuals. The NAACP focused on legal strategies to confront the civil rights issues. They also coordinated a series of challenges to state-sponsor segregation in public schools. This led to the 1954 Supreme court decision in the Brown v. Education Case. This led to the doctrine "Separate but Equal" to become unconstitutional. The group also helped co-organize the March on Washington. After the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting act, the organization later then focused on helping people who struggle for equal rights around the world; starting in the 70's.
Big image

CORE

Congress of Racial Equality was founded in 1942. It became one of the leading organizations during the civil rights movement. In the early 60's, CORE launched a series of initiatives; The Freedom Riders, and Freedom Summer. The goal that the CORE had for Freedom Riders was to desegregate public facilities. The Freedom Summer was a voter registration project and also took in on the March on Washington project. The CORE's goals for its organization was to have a non-violent approach to end racial segregation. But, later it became a political ideology of Black nationalism. They changed to this ideology because they felt that the best hope for achieving racial equality was creation of black political power. As a primarily black organization, CORE continued its charge for political and economic justice for blacks, while also lending its voice onto the rising of the anti-war movement during the 60's.
Big image