Government

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Thomas Hobbes

About Thomas Hobbes:

Born: April 5, 1588 in Westport, United Kingdom.

Death: December 4, 1679 in Hardwick Hall, United Kingdom


He was an English philosopher and political theorist, he was one of the central figures of British empiricism.


Major work: "Leviathan" published in 1651. It expressed his principle of materialism and his concept of a social contract forming the basis of society.

Influences on the government today:

He was one of the founders of modern political philosophy and political science.

Hobbes also developed some of the fundamentals of European liberal thought: the right of the individual; Example: First Amendment - Religion and Expression. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. The natural equality of all men; Example: The Declaration of Independence - the statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British empire.

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