Lord Of the Flies

By Matt Valenti

Jack's tribe

Jack's tribe would represent a totalitarian dictatorship. A totalitarian dictatorship is where one person or a small group of social elite are the ruling party. A totalitarian dictatorship also maintains power through military force. The population in a totalitarian dictatorship is usually blinded through propaganda so the ruling party will never lose any power or control. A quote from the text where this can be seen is when Jack tells Henry "Get me a drink!" (Chapter 9 pg 150) This shows that Jack uses his authority to order people around instead of using it for good. This can also be seen when the narrator says "Roger advanced upon them as the one wielding a nameless authority." (Chapter 11 pg 179) This shows how Jack's tribe has become a totalitarian dictatorship because Roger is like a rabid dog and Jack allows him to do whatever he wants.

Boundless. "Dictatorship and Totalitarianism - Boundless Open Textbook."Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

Ralph's tribe

Ralph's group would best be represented by a democracy. However, Ralph's group could also be called a monarchy because of the conch that they have represents a sense of royalty because whoever has the conch is the one who has the ability to speak. Ralph's group could also be an oligarchy where a small group of people are the ones in ruling power. Ralph, Piggy, Simon and SamnEric could be the small group of people ruling over the little ones. "I'm Chief, I'll go, Don't argue." (Chapter 6 pg 104). This quote shows that Ralph is willing to go look for the beast with the hunters. This makes Ralph a good chief because he is responsible and is representing the other boys on the island. US History.org. "What Is a Democracy?" Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
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My Island Government

My Island government would resemble the Roman Republic. Citizens on my island would elect representatives to rule on their behalf. This government system is much different than a Democracy, because in a Republic every single citizen is expected to play a role in governing the state. If my Republic were to be attacked by any other tribe every single person would have to play a role in defending the Republic. Every representative would have their own army to help defend the Republic. My leaders would be chosen by the people and each leader would represent his own province. There would be no sub-groups at all because everyone is equal and they deserve to be treated as such. Some rules of my society would include:
1) Nobody is better than anybody else.
2) Leaders are elected every 2 years and can only serve 2 terms.
3) Provinces may not wage war with one another.
4) If a province is attacked, it is the duty of other provinces to defend it.
5) Generals are appointed by leaders and may serve until the people no longer require their services.
6) Any religious practices must be practiced in private.
7) Leaders cannot force religions on their provinces or their people.
8) Crimes are punishable by banishment from the republic.
9) People are free to choose whatever they job want.
10) The republic's military is 90% conscripts and 10% volunteer.
11) All provincial leaders must meet at least 2 times a year to discuss important matters in the republic.
12) All citizens are given military training in case their province is attacked.
13) If a province decides to attack another province they are considered hostile and will be either reclaimed by the republic or banished permanently from the republic.
14) Citizens are allowed to have their own opinions about provincial governors.
15) All citizens are allowed to receive a free education.

These rules will be enforced through the provincial governors and the military. It also the duty of the citizens, provincial governors, and military leaders that these rules are enforced. Creative Commons. "Roman Republic." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., 28 Apr. 2011. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

Historical example of infighting: Congo Crisis

The Congo Crisis began in the Belgian ruled Congo. This period was known as a time of political upheaval and conflict in the Congo. A nationalist movement allowed the citizens of the Congo to become independent from the Belgians on June 30 1960. Belgian and UN peace-keeping troops were deployed to protect any fleeing Belgian citizens and fight the secessionists. The Soviets sent advisers to the Congo which resulted in a split within the Congolese government. This split resulted in a coup d'etat by the government led by a man by the Mubutu. This coup lead to even more political instability and more death among the population of the Congo. The government was split between a United States backed government and another government that was backed by the Soviet Union. The land was destroyed by this conflict which led to the majority of the population being displaced. A quote that can be found in the Lord of The Flies is when Jack tells Ralph "I'm not going to play anymore, not with you." (Chapter 8 pg 127) This quote can be related to the Congo civil war because Jack is finally disagreeing with Ralph and rebelling against him thus, igniting a civil war between both tribes.

U.S. Department of State. "The Congo, Decolonization, and the Cold War, 1960–1965 - 1961–1968 - Milestones - Office of the Historian." The Congo, Decolonization, and the Cold War, 1960–1965 - 1961–1968 - Milestones - Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

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Modern Conflict: Burma-Myanmar

The Burma Conflict began in 1948 and still continues to this day. It started when leftist Karen militia groups tried to secede from the Burmese government in lower Burma or Myanmar. Eventually the Karen groups joined together to become the Karen National Union (KNU). By the 1960's many other ethnic insurgencies began to rise in Burma. By the 1980's many political insurgencies began to fade away and the ethnic insurgencies still remained a problem for the Burmese government. The KNU have been fighting the Burmese government for mainly ethnic reasons and they are firm believers in the communist ideology. Post Cold War groups have also risen up in Northern Burma and they are known as the Kachin's. The Kachin's have rebelled against the Burmese government because the Burmese want the natural resources in that region. The Burmese government has also been in trouble for their crimes against humanity because the Burmese military has a "scorched earth" policy, meaning that they will kill and destroy any opposition to them. The KNU and the Kachin's way to solve this conflict is to get to Burma to agree to a ceasefire and gain independence from the Burmese. The Burmese government wants to take back control of these regions by any means necessary. That includes genocide, complete destruction of the land, and use of any type weapons that they feel are necessary to use. The Burmese have numbers on their side and they have much more advanced weapons. However the Burmese have poor knowledge of the regions they are fighting in, leadership issues, and poorly trained troops. The KNU and Kachin's have knowledge of terrain and better training. However the KNU and Kachin's have very few numbers, very few weapons, and both sides have to deal with smaller splinter groups in their regions. Based upon both sides strengths and weaknesses, The Kachin's and KNU have the advantage. The KNU and Kachin's have the advantage because both groups have to continue to harass the Burmese military until the Burmese military gets tired of fighting a guerrilla war and agrees to a ceasefire. Plus due to the Burmese military having very poor leadership and training. Peace Direct. "Myanmar: Conflict Profile | Insight on Conflict." Insight on Conflict Myanmar Conflict Profile Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015
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