Conventional Morality Stage
Kohlberg`s Theory applied to 6-10 year old children
Kohlberg, who was born in 1927, grew up in Bronxville, New York, and attended the Andover Academy in Massachusetts, a private high school for bright and usually wealthy students. He did not go immediately to college, but instead went to help the Israeli cause, in which he was made the Second Engineer on an old freighter carrying refugees from parts of Europe to Israel. After this, in 1948, he enrolled at the University of Chicago, where he scored so high on admission tests that he had to take only a few courses to earn his bachelor's degree. This he did in one year. He stayed on at Chicago for graduate work in psychology, at first thinking he would become a clinical psychologist. However, he soon became interested in Piaget and began interviewing children and adolescents on moral issues.
Theory of moral development
The conventional morality stage is the second level in Kohlberg`s moral development theory, following the stage of pre-conventional morality and exceeding the stage of post-conventional morality. Kohlberg`s theory outlined three stages and six stages. For him moral development occurred the whole life, until the day we die.
Stage 3: Interpersonal Relationships
Often referred to as the "good boy-good girl" orientation, this stage of moral development is focused on living up to social expectations and roles. There is an emphasis on conformity, being "nice," and consideration of how choices influence relationships. The child/individual is good in order to be seen as being a good person by others. Therefore, answers are related to the approval of others.
Stage 4: maintaining the social order
At this stage of moral development, people begin to consider society as a whole when making judgments. The focus is on maintaining law and order by following the rules, doing one’s duty and respecting authority. The child/individual becomes aware of the wider rules of society so judgments concern obeying rules in order to uphold the law and to avoid guilt.
What should child be able to do at the end of this stage?
At the end of this stage, a child should know that rules are there to maintain control over our society and that rules are for a greater good. He should know that certain things are against the law and that these rules are not to be broken. He should also know, in a coarse view, what is right and what is wrong and that he or she is part of that society and that`s why she too has to follow these rules.