Anthrax

Anthrax update

Cause and Transmition

Anthrax is caused by bacteria, and Bacillus Anthracis. Anthrax is transmitted by having direct contact to open wounds, eating contaminated meat that has not been cleaned, and inhaling the powder and the spores will get inside your body and will also be in your lungs.

Organs and body parts that are infected by anthrax

The most common is infection through the skin. It causes a sore that can go away without treatment. People and animals can ingest anthrax from dead animals that have been contaminated with anthrax. The most deadly is inhalation anthrax. The other organs and body parts infected are the lungs, resperatory system, and stomach

Symptoms

The symptoms you get from anthrax are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, loss of appetite, fever, severe bloody diarrhea in the later stages of anthrax, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and a swollen neck.

cure

After anthrax toxins have been released in the body, one of the treatments is antitoxin. Antitoxins target anthrax toxins in the body. You can also take antibiotics for sixty days.

Prevention and Cases

To prevent anthrax don't eat wild meat if you don't know where it's from, stay away from dead and infected animals and don't touch them, be careful working with animal hides. There have been twenty five human cases in Canada from 1931 to 1936. Two more cases of anthrax have been confirmed in facilities near the Colorado ranch where a dead cow tested positive for the bacteria that causes anthrax.

Anthrax death rates

The death rate for cutaneous anthrax is twenty percent without antibiotic and one percent with the antibiotic. The death rate for inhalation anthrax is seventy percent to seventy five percent. The death rate for gastrointestinal anthrax is twenty five percent to sixty percent.

Location

Anthrax is rare in the United States, but sporadic outbreaks do occur in wild and domestic grazing animals such as cattle or deer. Anthrax is more common in developing countries and countries that do not have veterinary public health programs that routinely vaccinate animals against anthrax. In the United States, yearly vaccination of livestock is recommended in areas where animals have had anthrax in the past.

Similar Diseases

The similar diseases to anthrax are bacillus cereus, pneumonia, acute bronchitis, asthma, lung cancer, and bronchitisis.

Bioterrorism

Shortly after nine eleven people claim that they were under another terrorist attack, but it was a different type of attack. It is a biological weapon. A photo editor named Robert Stevens was dying of inhalation anthrax as he was rushed to the hospital. Robert Stevens received a letter in the mail with a strange powder in it. The F.B.I. got involved because of the powder coming in the mail, and they knew that it was bioterrorism. The F.B.I. rushed the anthrax from Robert Stevens body to biologist Paul Kime at the University of Arizona.

Bibliography

Anthrax. Digital image. The Boston Globe. Web.

Anthrax. Digital image. Kent Wood Photography. Web.

Anthrax. Digital image. Wikepedia. Web.

Anthrax. Digital image. Wikipedia. Web.

"Anthrax." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.

"Bioterrorism Preparedness - Biological Agents." Bioterrorism Preparedness - Biological Agents. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.