Types of Art

By: Adeline Coenen

Medieval Art:

The purpose of much medieval art was to teach religion to people who could not read or write. Most art was religious, showing Jesus, saints, and people from the Bible. Other art had important figures in paintings were shown larger than others around them. Also, figures looked stiff, with little sense of movement which were fully dressed in stiff-looking clothing.

Classical Art

The purpose of much of their art was to show the importance of ordinary people and civic leaders, as well as gods and goddesses. Artists valued balance and harmony while making Classical Art. They made figures that were lifelike but often idealized, or more perfect than in real life. Bodies also looked active and motion was believable.

Renaissance Art

The aim of much Renaissance art was to show the importance of people and nature, not just religious ideas. Artists also began using new techniques. In Renaissance Art, artists showed religious and nonreligious scenes. The art reflected a great interest in nature. The figures looked lifelike and three-dimensional, reflecting an increasing knowledge of anatomy.