Independent Study

By: Maddie Brock

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Why did I choose disabilities?

  • I choose disabilities because it is a topic that interests me. I have a sister who has a disability called Autism, and I'm also an aid for the special needs class in our school. For right now learning about all the different types of the disabilities interests me and makes me happy when I learn about it.


What is Asthma?

  • A condition that affects the airways, the small tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. When the airways become irritated, they tighten, and they become narrower and make the the lung inflamed, which makes it difficult for that person to breathe.

Does asthma affect what sports you can and can't do?

  • Being active actually helps people with asthma, it helps strengthen their breathing muscles and helps the lungs work better.

Can you cure Asthma?

  • They for now you can't fully cure it, the best solution right now is an inhaler to help you breathe when you have an asthma attack.

Extra facts about Asthma

  • Swimming, walking, and biking won't trigger any attacks easily
  • Baseball, football, gymnastics, cheerleading, and shorter track and field events may be more likely for you to get a attack.
How Your Asthma Rescue Inhaler Works

Down's Syndrome

What is Down's Syndrome?

  • Down's Syndrome is a condition in which extra genetic material cause delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.

What are the main causes of Down's Syndrome

  • Normally a baby inherits genetic information from both parents, 23 from each parents to make 46. In most cases people who have Down's have an extra chromosome, which instead of having 46 in all they have 47. It's extra genetic material that causes the physical features and developmental delays associated with Down's.

Can you cure Down's Syndrome

  • There for now is no cure, just to give the child therapy young for them to hopefully be able to more when they grow up.
  • "There is no way to prevent the chromosomal error that causes it"

Extra things about Down's

  • It affects 1 in every 800 babies in the U.S.
  • women age 35 and older have a higher risk of having a child with Down's
  • They tend to have certain physical features suck as a flat facial profile, an upward slant to the eyes, small ears, and a protruding tongue.
  • Most reach developmental milestones, like sitting up, crawling, and walking, later than other kids will.
  • They tend to grow at a smaller rate, which causes them to look younger than they are.
  • Approximately half the kids with Down's also have problems with hearing and vision.


What is Dyslexia?

  • Dyslexia is a disorder that involves difficulty in learning to read or to interpret words, letters, and other symbols, while reading.

What causes Dyslexia?

  • Nothing truly causes it, it tends to run in families, and researchers have identified the genes that may be responsible for the condition.

Is it harder to learn with Dyslexia?

  • Experts say dyslexia has little to do with recognizing the visual form of words; rather, the brains of people with dyslexia are wired differently, making it difficult for them to break the letters of written words into the distinct sounds

  • In order to read, people with dyslexia must develop alternative neurological pathways

Extra facts about Dyslexia:

  • 15% of the U.S. population has significant difficulty learning to read
  • People with Dyslexia may have trouble with reading, writing, spelling, math, and sometimes, music
  • Brain images show that dyslexia results from certain structural differences in the brain, particularly in the left hemisphere.


  • "Can Kids and Teens With Asthma Play Sports?" KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Joseph. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Jan. 2014. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
  • "Different Disabilities." Welcome to Pluss. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
  • "Down Syndrome." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Mary L. Gavin. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Feb. 2012. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.
  • "What Is Dyslexia? Causes and Other Facts." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.

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