Cell Organelles

By: Cayden McCarthy

Nucleus

Holds DNA, directs activity in a cell. Included in both cells.
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Cell Membrane

Controls what goes in and out of the cell. Included in the plant cell only.
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Cytoplasm

Maintains the internal pressure of the cell, ensuring that it doesn't shrink like a deflated balloon. Included in both cells.
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Ribosome

Creates proteins that the cell needs. Included in both cells
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Mitochondria

They produce an energy-rich molecule called ATP. Included in both cells.
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Vacuole

Stores water and nutrients that the cell needs to survive. Included in the plant cell only.
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Golgi Body

Groups items and then packages them in vesicles. Included in both cells.
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Smooth ER

Prepares proteins to transport them to the Golgi Apparatus. Included in both cells.
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Lysosome

Breaks down waste and detoxifies poison to clean the cell. Included in the animal cell only.
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Cell Wall

Protects cell from injury and maintains the cells shape. Included in the plant cell only.
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Chloroplast

Converts the suns rays into energy that the cell can use. Included in the plant cell only.
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Cell Theory

1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.

2. The cell is the basic unit of structure and organization in organisms.

3. All cells come from preexisting cells.

Body Organization

Cell - Tissue - Organ - Organ System - Organism

Prokaryotic Cell

A single celled organism that does not include a nucleus. Mostly exist in the form of bacteria.
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Eukaryotic Cell

Any organism whose cells include a nucleus and other organelles enclosed within a cell membrane. What makes up most of the human body and allows us to function.
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