Sates of Matter

By: Audrey Bowling

Solids- firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid.

1. Solids behave as they do because of the way their particles are arranged.

2. The particles of a solid are linked by strong forces, which pull the particles tightly together.

3. Although the particles can vibrate, they cannot move about easily.

Liquid- flowing freely but of constant volume.

1.A fast-flowing liquid, such as the water rushing over this waterfall, has a lot of energy.

2.The power of flowing water can be used to turn wheels to drive machinery and even create electricity.

3.Fast-moving liquids, such as tidal waves, can also cause a lot of damage.

Gas- an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available, irrespective of its quantity.

1.Gas particles move around at over 1,600 km (1,000 miles) per hour.

2.The particles are widely spaced and can move freely in any direction.

3.Gases can spread out to fill whatever container they are put into.

Plasma- the colorless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, in which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended.

1.Plasmas are a lot like gases, but the atoms are different, because they are made up of free electrons and ions of an element such as neon (Ne).

2.They aren't things that happen regularly on Earth.

3.If you have ever heard of the Northern Lights or ball lightning, you might know that those are types of plasmas.

Bose Einstein Condensate- A state of matter that forms below a critical temperature in which all bosons in the matter fall into the same quantum state.

1.The Bose-Einstein state of matter was the only one created while your parents were alive.

2.In 1995, two scientists, Cornell and Weiman, finally created the condensate.

3.The molecules get denser or packed closer together.