Fifth Period Science - Alyssa Jensen

What is the Taiga?

The Taiga is the largest terrestrial biome out of the six biomes all together. This biome extends across Europe, North America, and Asia. In such areas, the Taiga belongs right below the Tundra, and is recognized as a coniferous or boreal forest. The weather during the winter is generally very cold, and lasts for several months. While during the summer weather is wet and warm, and lasts only a few months.

What are some Abiotic factors of the Taiga?

The Taigas' climate is mostly dominated by cold arctic air blowing from the northern arctic circle. The average temperature during the winter can get below -3 degrees Celsius, (26.6 degrees Fahrenheit). During the summer the temperature can get above 10 degree Celsius, (50 degrees Fahrenheit). All together the average temperature per year is, 0 degrees Celsius, (32 degrees Fahrenheit). For the Taiga biome, an average of 30 to 84 centimeters of precipitation falls per year, (12 to 33 inches), most of the precipitation falls during the summer.
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What are some common landforms within the Taiga?

The Taiga consist of hill, valleys, lowlands, mountains, and plains. The mountains are snow capped and covered in snow from to to bottom, also throughout the Taiga in various areas are dormant volcanoes that are hidden away under all the snow. A very common landform throughout the Taiga are the bodies of water that surround it, such as the lakes, rivers, and streams. During the summer are grasslands which house the animals that thrive through the Taiga, but this plentiful habitat only last a few months as it gets extremely cold during the winter and yet again everything become covered in ice and snow.

The Taiga during its summer months

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What are some biotic factors of the Taiga?

Below are a few animals that are seen throughout the Taiga.
Below are a few examples of the vegetation seen in the Taiga.

What are some ecological concerns or issues within the Taiga?

Taigas Ecosystems are threatened by direct human activity and climate change. A big threat to the Taiga is deforestation. Much of the Taigas forest is used for lumber, and large productions can sometimes have huge areas at once cut down all at one time, (Clearcutting). Now without a root system to anchor it down the soil could be blown away or washed away. This would expose the bedrock which the permafrost lays leaving not many suitable places for many animals to live as very few animals can survive permafrost land. Also the warming temperature changes animals habitats. It pushes the native animals and non-native animals to clash habitats, which could result in an out-of-balance chain.
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