7 Principles of the Constitution

BY: Vignesh Soundararajan

1. Popular Sovereignty

This principle states that a government gets its authority to govern from the people. It means that the people have the right to alter or abolish their government.

Example: "People Rule"

Non-example:King George III

2. Limited Government

This principle means that the government only has the powers that the constitution gives it.

Example: Constitutional Monarchy

Non-Example: Monarchy

3. Separation of powers

This principle of the constitution divides the government into 3 branches; Legislative, Judicial, and Executive.

Example: (Senate/House of Representatives), (Judge/Jury), and (President/Vice President)

Non-Example: A dictatorship

4. Federalism

This principle of the constitution means that the federal government and the state governments share power. Powers not given to the federal government belong to the state.

Example: States have the power to conduct their schooling system the way they feel like it needs to be and the federal government doesn't.


Non-Example: The federal government having all the power.

5. Republicanism

This principle of the constitution means that citizens elect representatives to carry out their will rather than taking part directly in government.


Example: Democratic countries(they have this system)


Non-Example: Communism(The country's government leaders do as they wish)

6. Checks And Balances

This principle of the constitution establishes a system where each branch limits (or checks) the power of the other branches. This helps to balance out the power of the other branches.


Example: Every branch having its own limited powers


Non-Example: One branch having all the power.

7. Individual Rights

This principle states that the constitution will protect certain rights like freedom of religion, speech, and trial by jury.


Example: Inalienable rights like life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness


Non-Example: Any other form of government that does not give these rights to people.