modern texas

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WW1


  • WW1 took place in 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941) The last German Emperor, the Kaiser led Germany on a more bellicose, self-assertive foreign policy, where he wished to see Germany become a major European power. He formed a key alliance with Austria Hungary. But, distrusted by Germany’s military leaders during the First World War, he had little direct influence on the running of the war.
  • Georges Clemenceau (1841 – 1929) French Prime Minister from 1917-1920. Clemenceau known as the “Tiger” was a key figure in holding French resolve to fight for total victory, when others considered negotiating a treaty with Germany. He took a harsh position against Germany at the Treaty of Versailles.

  • It grew into a war involving 32 countries. The Allies included Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States. These countries fought against the Central Powers which included Germany, Austria-Hungary,Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.

  • Texans responded to the call for troops in great numbers. After four long years of war, Texas had supplied a greater percentage of men and women to the armed forces than any other state with more than 700,000 in uniform.

  • Germany had formally surrendered on November 11, 1918, and all nations had agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated. On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations (including Britain, France, Italy and Russia) signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war.

  • sources used- http://www.thc.state.tx.us/preserve/projects-and-programs/military-sites/texas-world-war-ii#sthash.M8wchiyQ.dpuf

the great depression

  • The stock market crashed on Thursday, October 24, 1929, less than eight months into Herbert Hoover’s presidency
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt created jobs and got the people out of depression
  • DUST BOWL. In the latter half of the 1930s the southern plains were devastated by drought, wind erosion, and great dust storms. Some of the storms rolled far eastward, darkening skies all the way to the Gulf and Atlantic coasts. The areas most severely affected were western Texas, eastern New Mexico, the Oklahoma Panhandle, western Kansas, and eastern Colorado. This ecological and economic disaster and the region where it happened came to be known as the Dust Bowl.
  • the programs were in response to the great depression, and focused on what historians refer to as the "3 Rs," Relief, Recovery, and Reform: relief for the unemployed and poor, recovery of the economy to normal levels, and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.
  • Farmers faced tough times. While most Americans enjoyed relative prosperity for most of the 1920s, the Great Depression for the American farmer really began after World War I. Much of the Roaring '20s was a continual cycle of debt for the American farmer, stemming from falling farm prices and the need to purchase expensive machinery. When the stock market crashed in 1929 sending prices in an even more downward cycle, many American farmers wondered if their hardscrabble lives would ever improve.

WW2

  • Hirohito- (1901-1989) was emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989.

  • Władysław Anders- (11 August 1892 – 12 May 1970) was a general in the polish army

  • World War 2 was fought between two groups of countries. On one side were the Axis Powers, including Germany, Italy and Japan. On the other side were the Allies. They included Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union,China and the United States of America.

  • On December 7, 1941, a surprise Japanese attack on the U.S. naval fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, pushed President Franklin D. Roosevelt to swiftly call for a formal declaration of war. Soon, the U.S., alongside other Allied powers — Britain, France, Russia and China — were at war on many fronts against the Axis powers — Germany, Japan and Italy. When the war officially ended on September 2, 1945, the world and Texas had changed forever, socially and economically. Texas had shifted from a rural and agricultural state to an increasingly more urban, industrial one. Social changes occurred as military and industrial opportunities increased for minorities, leading to later civil rights achievements. Women embraced new roles and forever changed the traditional workplace. This brochure recounts the story of Texas’ involvement in World War II. It is a unique and compelling story because Texas, perhaps more than any other state, played a pivotal role in attaining victor

  • On the home front during World War II Texans sacrificed whatever was necessary to support "our boys overseas." Rationing became a way of life-stamp books for meat, sugar, coffee, shoes, rubber, auto parts, and eventually gas became a necessity. At increasingly frequent intervals communities held scrap-iron drives; adults bought war bonds; school children had time allotted during class periods to buy, then paste, savings stamps in bond books; and many a family, as in World War I, planted "victory gardens" to conserve food for the war effort.

  • August 14, 1945 -- V-J Day (Victory in Japan), when the Japanese accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration and unconditionally surrendered. September 2, 1945 - Day the Japanese delegation formally signs the instrument of surrender on board the USS Missouri, marking the official ending of World War II.