by Cami Reynolds

Tenochtitlan facts

  • 1325
The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan (at modern Mexico City) was founded in 1325 on a muddy island in the lake that at that time filled the Basin of Mexico.

A second group of Aztec settled the nearby island of Tlatelolco in 1358.

  • floating islands
Surrounded by "floating gardens" - artificially created islands where produce was grown Tenochtitlan was joined to the mainland by three causeways. An aqueduct supplied fresh water from Chapultepec.

  • economics
Along with the many palaces and marketplaces of the city the Tecpan, a central plaza contained the two principal temples, built on a huge terraced pyramid.The famous Calendar Stone of the Aztecs was found in the Tecpan.

  • culture
sometime during the 12th & 13th century the Aztecs straggled into the Valley of Mexico, led by their chieftain Tenoch. They were a poor, ragged people who survived on vermin, snakes, and stolen food. They were hatred and rejected by all the surrounding inhabitants of the valley, for their barbarous and uncultured habits. They were driven from one location to another. Early in the 14th century, Huitzilopotchli told Tenoch to lead his people to a place of refuge on a swampy island in Lake Texcoco. When they reached their destination, they were to look for an eagle perched on a cactus, growing from a rock or cave surrounded by water. At that location, they were to build their city and honor Huitzilopotchli with human sacrifices. The city they built was called Tenochtitlan, the city of Tenoch.

  • stuff

The story of the Aztecs' rise to power is awe inspiring one, and is one of the most remarkable stories in world history. They were a relatively unknown group of people who came into the Valley of Mexico during the 12th and 13th century A.D., and rose to be the greatest power in the Americas by the time the Spaniards arrived, in the 16th century.

Little is known of the earliest Aztecs, they did not keep a written record. Their history was passed on by word of mouth from one generation to the next. Legend has it that they came from an Island called Aztlan, meaning White Place - Place of Herons.

Big image

a model of Tenochtitlan