By Helena Wendelboe

What does Pogrom mean?

Pogrom is a Russian word meaning "to wreak havoc" or "to demolish violently". It is a term referring to the violent acts of anti-semitism particularly in Russia and Eastern Europe, usually during economic or otherwise societal low points. These events happen without police interference portraying the hidden or open support of the government.

The first event considered a Pogrom was the anti-Jewish riots in Odessa in 1821, although the term was not commonly used before 1881-1884 where anti-Jewish riots were prominent in Ukraine and southern Russia. The antisemitism in Germany during the rise of the Nazi party was very much related to this concept.

Media representing pogroms

Works cited:

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005183

Jewish Virtual Library: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/pogroms.html

The 1941 Pogrom in Lviv, Ukraine and Modern Antisemitism: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-W5juYTW60