Grammar boot camp

My understanding of Grammar Phrases.

Simple Sentence

A simple sentence contains one independent clause and a subject/predicate for example: Tom reads novels. Tom is the subject and reads novel is the predicate. In order to identify a simple sentence you must keep it simple, simple means single.



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Compound Sentence

Compound is where you link 2 sentences together using FANBOYS. For And Nor But Or Yet So. You can't just link it together if you do so, you have to make sure it made sense without the FANBOYS connecting the 2 sentences together, and also it has to have a comma before the fanboys. The compound contains 2 independent clauses. For example :

Bobby loves Amy ,so they got married. So is a FANBOYS connecting two sentences together in order to make it a compound.Just in case you still don't know it here's a song for you

Put 'EmTogether - Conjunction and Compound Sentence Song

Complex Sentence

Complex sentence is joined by a dependent and an independent clause.It always has a subordinating conjunction such as: As, Although, After, While, When, unless, until, because, before, if, since.Which makes up a Complex sentence. Here are some examples:

After Bobby got married to Amy , they went to dinner.

After is the subordinating conjunction , After Bobby got married to Amy is the Dependent , and they went to dinner is the Independent clause






Participial Phrase

A participial phrase is where you have a verb ( action ) ending in " ed" "en" or "-ing" followed by any modifiers. It can't be a accept if it's a verb followed by a helping verb. Here are some helping verbs if you might not know what they're: do , does , did , could , would , should , have , has , had , can , shall , we , am , is , are , were , been , being , is , was. Those are helping verbs.For example I'm going to show you an example of a Participial Phrase and a Participial Phrase following with a helping verb.It's also set of by comma's.


Walking, down the street, I got cold: Walking is the the participial since it's ending with " -ing "

He was running after me: That is not a participial phrase because the helping verb is " was"

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A prepositional phrase is a group of words made up of a prepositional phrase and its noun or pronoun and any of the objects modifiers. A preposition can modify nouns, pronouns, verbs, phrases, and complete clauses. One thing the adjective plays a huge role in this it describes the noun, pronoun, verb, phrases, and or a complete clause.Only in one word. To identify adverb prepositional phrase and a adjective prepositional. First you must identify the verb then the prepositional phrase , and that is how you identify a Adverb Phrase.Next you need to know how to identify an adjective prepositional phrase first you must find the noun or pronoun then the prepositional phrase which describe what the noun or pronoun is doing.


Below are some examples.

She walked loudly on the sidewalk- Its describing the walked the adverb.

The book is on the table- Adjective because it describes the noun which is the book.

She held the book over the class. All of those are prepositional phrases because the adjective is describing the object,and you have a preposition in it.

Prepositional Phrase

Appositive Phrase

An Appositive Phrase is a phrase that renames or identifies a noun or pronoun. So basically what you're doing is describing the noun or pronoun. It can be a short or a long combination of words. For example

The boy, who is the quickest, ran down the street. The appositive would be " who is the quickest" because it's identifying the noun or pronoun.