created by Connor, Zach, Kelsey, Joey, Lizzy
The four basic styles of parenting & effects on children
In authoritative parenting, the child is the center of the style. These parents are involved, and controlling, but do not restrict their kid entirely. They are usually very active and supportive in their child’s activities, and communication is a must have. Trust and acceptance are two other very remarkable values. Authoritative parents are not overly strict, yet they still have a strong sense of where their kids are and who they are with (Ballantine).
Children who grow up in an authoritative household develop into socially competent individuals. They typically score very high when it comes to meeting certain developmental milestones, and they learn the importance of persistence. They understand the significance of rules and they have very few behavioral issues. School performance reaches a high degree of excellence, as so does their mental state ("Fathers Can Teach Their Children Persistence: Study; 'Authoritative' parenting brings out perseverance skills in kids").
Authoritarian parenting style involves the use of authority over kids. Often times, parents who use the authoritarian parenting style are very strict (Philadelphia Inquirer). They will order their kids to do something, and expect them to do it without question. Sometimes, an authoritarian parent will use shame for punishment. They like to keep a strong eye on what their kids are doing at all times, and like to be in control.
This style of parenting can be effective at times, but in most cases it can lead to sneaky kids. They will go behind their parents backs, and will not want to communicate with them. Also, it is scientifically proven that kids who are ruled by very strict parents are one third more likely to be obese than those who are not (Salamon). Being a strict parent can seem like it has benefits, but will most likely lead to a separation between kids and their parents.
Uninvolved parenting can be summarized as a type of parenting style that is not apparent in their children’s lives. This style commonly shows isolated kids who are forced to grow up on there own. The parents neglect their child and are infested with themselves and commonly see their children as burdens on their lives.
Causes of this style are very detrimental. Children without an parenting or superior figure in their lives grow up rebellious and tend to go against the rules of society. A shocking statistic is that uninvolved parenting affects the child's eating habits for life. A study was conducted by the University of Houston and the results were profound. They state that Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine how depressive symptoms and parenting stress might influence the nature of parent feeding styles. After adjusting for potential confounding variables (e.g., ethnicity, education, age), parents with an uninvolved feeding style reported less positive affect and more parenting stress than parents showing the other three feeding styles authoritative, authoritarian, and indulgent" (Appetite Research). This is also comparing neglectful parenting style to the other three styles to show how uninvolved parents actions linger in their children's lives for a very long time. Not only does this parenting style directly affect their eating habits, but leads to a very unhealthy lifestyle as well. To support this, an article written by Bruce Bower states "Good parenting provides a potent buffer against some youngsters' genetic predisposition to use alcohol, cigarettes and marijuana by age 14, a study finds" (Bower). These kids that grow up with parents that neglect them turn to horrible things and essentially ruin there lives. Bower then followed with the statement, "Uninvolved, unsupportive parenting heralds a spike in consumption of these substances" (Bower). Given proof that there is a spike in substance use when there is a severe disconnect between parent and child shows that uninvolved parenting leads to very unhealthy habits. The child has no role model to grow up with and does not know right from wrong. They conform to whatever society tells them to do and the environment they live in whether it be poor or stable. Overall, the child grows up without restrictions and can have a very dramatic impact on how societies future.
Permissive parenting can be described as a type of “laid-back” “lax” parenting style. In this style parents allow the child to regulate his/her own activities and exercise little control over their child. “Permissive parents are responsive, warm, accepting, and child-centered, but they are not demanding. They lack little parental control” (Swati-Chopra). Parents wish to be friends with their child rather than a disciplinarian.
This parenting style can often cause children to be lazy and think that they are above the rules. Permissive parenting allows the children to make the rules because they would rather be “friends” then being mean. For example “As a mom i walking around the house picking up my children’s messes. I looked over to see my children engulfed by his IPod. As I yelled why I was the one picking up his mess, he proceeded to stare at the screen. I attempted once more to get his attention but never did, so I just walked away and finished cleaning up his mess” (Latvala). Because his mother never made him do anything, the children will grow up thinking he is better than others, he doesn’t have to follow the rules. The effects of this parenting style this that the parents do not fully prepare their children for the real world because they are always babying them.
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