By: Riley Shields

What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is the use of biological processes to manufacture products made to improve the quality of human life. Biotechnology enhances the value of plants, animals, and microorganisms.

Agricultural Biotechnology

Agricultural biotechnology has been practiced for a long time because people wanted to improve important organisms through the selection and breeding of desirable characteristics.


Bioremediation is the use of microorganisms or other forms of life to break down and consume environmental pollutants.

Biotechnology in DNA testing

Biotechnology is used in paternity tests and it is used to find genetic disorders.

Negative Impacts

Some disadvantages to biotechnology include potential development of harmful chemicals, loss of biodiversity, and biotechnology may add to the problem of antibiotic resistant bacteria.

Greenhouse and field technician

Greenhouse and field technicians are in charge of planting seeds, pollinating plants, and applying fertilizers and pesticides. They have to pay special attention to the problems that may arise such as pests and disease. Basic knowledge of equipment used in everyday work as well as computer knowledge is also very important for this career. This job is best for people who love science and love working with plants and being in the outdoors.

National Ranking

Number of Biotech Companies

  • California 410
  • Massachusetts 210
  • Maryland 95
  • North Carolina 87
  • Pennsylvania 71
  • New Jersey 69
  • New York 68
  • Washington 41
  • Georgia 37
  • Texas 36
  • Florida 32
  • Colorado 30

Medical Biotechnology

Medical biotechnology is the use of cell materials used to research and produce pharmaceutical products that help treat and prevent human diseases.


DNA is being manipulated during biotechnology in order to to get organisms to have altered functions.

Some biotechnology centers in North Carolina