Chicano Youth Movement

By Julia Roldan, Kerry James, Colton Koehler

Background

The Chicano Youth Movement was a result of Mexicans wanting civil rights in the United States. It began in New Mexico with Reies López Tijerina and the Land Grant Movement and the movement was defined by Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales in his epic poem I Am Joaquin. It embraced the struggle of Chicano youth in America, and outlined the growing political awareness of the movement itself. One of the most important leaders of the movement was Cesar Chavez. Chaves worked to organize farm workers in California and highlighted the importance of faith and prayer in obtaining his goal of civil liberty for Mexican-Americans.

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Ernesto Vigil: Youth Movement

Legislation/Court Cases/Gains

Community Service Organization - This registered 15,000 new voters in Latino neighborhoods in California, giving them opportunities they did not have before.


The LA 13 - Thirteen Chicano students organizing a peaceful walkout and were arrested for conspiracy to disturb schools and the peace. The students were released for incarceration, but afterwards schools began to hire more Chicano teachers to create a strong political force for the Los Angeles Chicano community.


June 5th 1967 - Reies conducted an armed raid in Tierra Amarilla on the Rio Arriba County Courthouse in New Mexico. Landowners were attempting to regain their land from the US government. This was one of the most traumatic events of the Chicano Movement in the 1960's.


Strike X - In San Francisco State College, the Third World liberation Firm organized strikes against inequality within the college. It yielded the creation of Black, Asian, and Raza study departments. It led to the proposal of other colleges to have ethnic study groups.


Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Act - Passed in 168, this was the first legal fund to pursue protection of the civil right of Mexican Americans.


U.S Voting Rights Act - Revised after it's original version in 1965 only pertained to Blacks and Puerto Ricans, this act helped Mexican Americans have language assistance at the voting polls. This increases the political representation of Mexican Americans in the United States.

Leaders and Organizations

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Fast forward to 19:00-21:12
Chicano! PBS Documentary - Quest For A Homeland

Status Today

It is currently referred to as the El Movimiento and though this movement is seen as dead for the most part, Mexican-Americans still struggle to get that equal ground that fought for when the movement first emerged.

Most Popular Music

This song was one of the many songs that supported and represented the Chicano Youth Movement. It allowed many of the people in the movement to get motivated, much like music did in the Civil Rights movement, and brought a lot of life into the movement.

User 851380680

Yo Soy Chicano by User 851380680