Demographics Comparison

France and India in 1984

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Diagram analysis/Research

In France they have an almost equal distribution of age populations. France's the country's population sharply increased with the baby boom following World War II. In India the populations for young people is high, and people don't live that long. Based on the age structure diagram you can tell that India has a high birthrate.

These pyramids compare the age structure of the populations of France and India in 1984. The relative number (%) of males and females is shown in 5-year cohorts. Almost 20% of India's population were children — 15 years or less in age — who had yet to begin reproduction. When the members of a large cohort like this begin reproducing, they add greatly to birth rates. In France, in contrast, each cohort is about the size of the next until close to the top when old age begins to take its toll.

The age structure of a population also reflects the recent pattern of mortality. In countries where injuries, starvation, and disease, etc. take a heavy toll throughout life, a plot of the age cohorts produces a broad based pyramid like that of India. In France (and other countries in western Europe) almost everyone survives until old age, and a plot of the age cohorts is scarcely a pyramid at all. So even if the TFRs were the same in both countries (they are not — in India it is 2.5, in France, 2.0), India is in for more years of rapid population growth, France is not.


1. In 1984 which age group was more populated for females?

2.What factors can cause early deaths in India?

3. In France how many age groups are dominated by females?

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