Module 6 Lesson 1

Yazmire Witherspoon

District Courts

  • The nation’s 94 district or trial courts.
  • District courts resolve disputes by determining the facts and applying legal principles to decide who is right.
  • Trial courts include the district judge who tries the case and a jury that decides the case.
  • There is at least one district court in each state, and the District of Columbia. Each district includes a U.S. bankruptcy court as a unit of the district court.
  1. Original Jurisdiction: Authority to hear a case for the first time.

U.S Courts of Appeal

  • There are 13 appellate courts
  • 12 regional circuits each has a court of appeals.
  • The appellate court’s task is to determine whether or not the law was applied correctly in the trial court.
  • Appeals courts consist of three judges and do not use a jury.
  • Hears challenges to district court decisions from courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies.
  1. Nationwide jurisdiction: to hear appeals in specialized cases
  2. Appellate Jurisdiction: to hear a case from a lower court

U.S Supreme Court

  • The highest court in the United States.
  • Article III of the U.S. Constitution created the Supreme Court and authorized Congress to pass laws establishing a system of lower courts.
  • 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeals sit below the Supreme Court.

Works Cited

  • By PresidentChronological History of Authorized Judgeships - Courts of AppealsChronological History of Authorized Judgeships - District CourtsJudicial VacanciesCurrent Judicial VacanciesFuture Judicial VacanciesConfirmation ListingJudicial EmergenciesArchive of Judicial VacanciesJudicial MilestonesJudicial CompensationPathways to the Bench Video SeriesPrivately Funded Seminars DisclosureLog in & Create AccountOverviewStatement of PurposeInstructionsFrequently Asked QuestionsJudicial Conduct & DisabilityFiling a Judicial Misconduct or Disability Complaint Against a Federal JudgeCode of Conduct for U.S. Judges Services . "Court Role and Structure." United States Courts. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
  • "District Court - Google Search." District Court - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.

  • "District Court - Google Search." District Court - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.