Dome of the Rock

Megan B

Location

The oldest Islamic monument that is still standing, is the Dome of the Rock. The Dome of the Rock is located in Jerusalem, Israel. It is part of Temple Mount, which also includes the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

History

The Dome of the Rock was built in 888-891 AD, by Abd-al Malik. It was built over a rock that is said to be sacred. It was intended to be a shrine for Pilgrims, and he wanted to build a Muslim shrine to show greatness of the Islamic religion. It was also was built so that Jerusalem could become the most popular Muslim Pilgrimage destination. Another reason that it was built was to keep the Muslim followers in Jerusalem and also to attract new Muslim followers. Christians and Muslims used to believe that the Dome was the Temple of Solomon.
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Description

The Dome of the Rock is an octagon shape building with a golden dome on the top of the building. The size of the dome is related to the size of the sacred stone. The dome was originally made in gold, but then it went to a copper dome and now it is an aluminum dome. At the top of the building there is a full moon structure, and it is said that when it is aligned, you can look through it and see Mecca. The full moon structure is supposed to represent the Islamic symbol, a crescent moon.

On the outside, the bottom half of the building has white marble, but the top half has a teal colored paint and mosaics. The tiles and mosaics on the outside are replicas because the originals got destroyed in 1545. The inside of the building also has mosaics and Arabic inscriptions from the Qur'an and honoring Al-mamun who helped create the building. Some of the columns from the Dome of the Rock were originally used in other structures and some of the crosses that are there were taken from different churches.


Sacredness

The Dome of the rock was built for Muslims and it is not a mosque, but a Muslim Shrine. The building was also created so Jerusalem could be the most popular Muslim pilgrimage destination. The building was to attract more Muslim followers and also to keep Muslim followers. The Muslims believed the rock to be where Muhammad ascended into heaven, but the Jews believe the dome to be where Abraham sacrificed Isaac. The Christians believed this spot to be the Temple of Solomon. The Dome of the Rock was built to show that Islam was the more superior religion. Some of the inscriptions and mosaics inside the building were quoted from the Quranic verses and even though the building did have mosaics, Muslims forbid any living things to be represented in the mosaics. The rock that the building was built over was and still is said to be sacred. The Dome of the Rock is the oldest Islamic building to have survived and right now only Muslims are allowed to attend there.

Works Cited

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