The Rule of Peter the Great

By: Samantha Wagner

Personality

  • Peter the Great was very curious about his country's government when he was a boy.
  • Peter was able to persevere when the Russian people refused to reform at first.
  • Peter became very authoritative and demanding. He was a ruler who had an unlimited amount of power.

Accomplishments

  • He caused a great gain of power in Russia.
  • Peter had traveled west in 1697 to explore the way of life in European cities. There, in England, he had been astonished by Parliament. He wanted a better understanding of this, so he brought experts, teachers, and soldiers back to Russia with him.
  • To strengthen the military, expand borders or Russia, and centralize royal power, Peter gained control of all Russian organizations. He also forced nobles to serve some type of beneficial position, for example, the military.
  • Peter made his way through the drastic economic and social changes.
  • Peter also improved the level of education, made the Russian alphabet much less complex, and began to make academies for different fields including math, science, and technology.
  • Peter had found ways to improve waterways and canals, creating mining and textile manufacturing, and supporting new trading companies.

Policies

  • Peter's first policy was known as westernization. This is to use the influence of Western ideas, culture, and technology.
  • Peter forced many people to become soldiers or to work as laborers on canals, roads, and different governmental situations.
  • Peter forced all landowning nobles to shave their beards and wear robes with a Western style.

Interesting Facts

  • Despite not having the best education, Peter the Great had shown to be very successful.
  • His childhood curiosity showed off because he had spent much of his childhood in the "German quarter". This was a "Moscow neighborhood" that consisted of many Scottish, English and Dutch people. From this, Peter had heard of the new ideas the artisans and soldiers were coming up with to advance technology.
  • Peter named the boat he restored "The Grandfather of the Russian Navy."