A Learning Disability, By Sunsaar Panchhi

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What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a type of learning disability that affects an individual's word recognition, word spelling, and decoding ability. It affects both males and females and usually displaying itself in early childhood (Jan Mclean, 2002).

Signs, Symptoms and Stats

Symptoms of Dyslexia include:

  • poor spelling and word recognition, slow to learn connections between words (Susan KIm, 2014)
  • letter and word reversal (Susan Kim, 2014)
  • trouble with word problems in different subjects (Susan Kim, 2014)
  • reading at a slower than average pace/level (Susan Kim, 2014)
  • seeing text jumbled together
  • dyslexics have problems with phonological awareness


  • Dyslexia is most common in children and is a lifelong issue (Joanne Pierson, 2015)
  • 15-20% of the population has dyslexia (Jan Mclean, 2002)
  • One of the most common learning disabilities in children (Joanne Pierson, 2015)

What are the causes?

Dyslexia is a complex illness and there is still a lot that is unknown about it. What is known is listed in the following:

  • Dyslexia is neurological in origin (Jan Mclean, 2002)
  • studies show that dyslexics show differences in brain development and brain function (Jan Mclean, 2002)
  • Can possibly be a genetic disorder (Emmet Francouer, 2014)

Impact on Everyday life

Individuals with dyslexia face many tough problems in life, and everyone is affected.

  • For many dyslexics, it can be very tough going to school or even to work
  • Children can feel embarrassed because they cannot read at the level that other children do, making them feel like they are an outcast (Patricia Hodge, 2000)
  • Many adults find it difficult to find a job
  • Parents of dyslexic children can find it tough to provide the specialized learning that their child needs, teachers of the dyslexic child might find it very difficult to teach the child and teachers can become impatient (Joanne Pierson, 2015)

Support Systems

A local support institution for Dyslexic individuals is the International Dyslexia Association, Ontario Branch. It is located at 59 Burnhamthorpe Crescent, Toronto. This is a non profit organization and relies on donations to stay running. This organization provides advice for parents with a dyslexic child and helps get the children involved in educational activities.

Many schools across Canada now have separate classes for people with such learning disabilities. It gives the individual a sense of comfort in that they can learn at their own pace.

Work Cited

Hodge, P. (2000). Living with Dyslexia. Retrieved December 12, 2015, from http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/parents/living-with-dyslexia

Kim, S. (2014). Dyslexia Symptoms by Age: Children and Adults. Retrieved December 12, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/children/tc/dyslexia-symptoms

Mclean, J. (2002). The Reading Clinic - Dyslexia. Retrieved December 12, 2015, from http://www.thereadingclinic.ca/Dyslexia.html

Pierson, J. (2015). Debunking the Myths about Dyslexia. Retrieved December 12, 2015, from http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/dyslexics/learn-about-dyslexia/what-is-dyslexia/debunking-common-myths-about-dyslexia