Nigeria's Water Crisis

By Amy Do and Connor Grayden

Introduction

This digital poster is about Nigeria and their water crisis.

🇳🇬About Nigeria🇳🇬

✰ Country Name: Nigeria

✰ Capital City: Abuja

✰ Continent located on: Africa

✰ Climate: Tropical hot climate

✰ Terrain: lowlands in the south, mountains in the southeast, central hills and plateaux, and plains

in the north

✰ Median age: 18 years

✰ Population: 185 651 851

✰ Infant Mortality Rate:74 deaths/ 1000 lives

✰ Literacy:15 years and over can read and write. 59.6% of Nigeria's population can read and write

✰ Population below poverty line: 70%

✰ Water ways: 8600km

Water Changes Everything

Water Changes Everything.

Water Related diseases

Some water related diseases are Typhoid Fever- It is an acute illness associated with fever caused by salmonella typhi bacteria. It can also be caused by salmonella paratyphi, a related bacterium that usually causes less severe illness. Bacteria that is deposited in water or food by a human carrier can be spread to other people in the area. Cholera- It is an infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine and is caused by infected water. Hepatitis A - it is a viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver, spread through consumption of food or water.
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Current Environmental Issues Relating to Water

Only 47% of the population has access to safe water right now.

The biggest water shortages come in rural Northern Nigeria, where only 30% have access to clean water, this leads to high cases of waterborne illnesses, threatens farming, and causes low level of school enrolment.The majority of water supple comes from surface water, which is not clean. Lack of running water claimed more than 4000 lives and an estimated 335 000 children die annually from waterborne illnesses. Most facilities in Nigeria are caused by bacterial or protozoal diarrhoea, other illnesses are intestinal worms, hepatitis a, hepatitis e and typhoid fever. Climate change, resulting drought, explosive population growth, soil degradation, rapid deforestation, urban air and water pollution and desertification are some of there current environmental issues

What is Water Scarcity?

Water scarcity is when the demand for clean water exceeds the available supply of water in the country. Africa's water is scarce because it is the second driest country in the world, Africa also doesn't get much rainfall over the large country.

Nigeria's Water Use

Agriculture: To water plants and to grow crops.

Manufacturing: Cooling equipment, cleaning and rinsing equipment, as a lubricant, in boilers and for sanitation. To bottle up water.

Fishing: Nigerians dump dead fish into oceans and that creates water pollution

Power/Energy: For Hydroelectricity and for fuel.

How are Poverty and Fresh Water Related?

Poverty and access to fresh water is related because the manufacturing businesses in Nigeria bottles up clean drinking water, but most of which Nigerians cannot afford. The time it takes for them to collect water is about 3-4 hours, that’s time that they could use to start a business and earn money. So because of the time it takes to collect water, Nigerians can’t spend that time on earning money, so they would eventually become poor.

Which Area of the Economy Would be most Affected if There is a Water Shortage Issue?

In our opinion the most affected area of the economy, if there was a water shortage, would be Agriculture because if there is not enough water some plants and animals would die.

Video About Nigerian Water Problems

Nigerian Families Desperate for Clean Water