Social Emotional Development
Birth * Age 2
( Refers to the quality and intensity of emotional reactions)
- Passivity- how actively involved a child is with their surroundings.
- ( Active infant responds, Passive Infant withdraws)
- Children differ in level or irritability ( tendency to feel distressed).
- ( Cry because of change, some are easily soothed)
- Activity Patterns- Levels of movement.
- (Some sleep quietly, some make movement, may be restless)
( The strong emotional connection that develops between people)
- Become attached to small group of people. ( Mainly those who care for them)
- Care for and respond to those who are important
- Quality of attachment depends on adults
- Ex of Attachment- Coo ,Kick, Gurgling, Laughing, Crying, Clinging, Separation Anxiety
- Young babies show anxiety if cared for by stranger
- 9-18 months has difficulty at childcare programs.
- Less Distress when known
Changes Over Time
( During the first two years after birth, you will see many changes in children socially and emotionally)
@ birth there are no refined emotions ( general distress and general excitement)
Child may show excitement by looking alert, smiling or wiggling
Distress is shown by crying (Sometimes no tears)
- Children respond to people with smiles and laughter
- Make happy sounds when held or played with or fed
- Infants start to notice and smile at other babies
- Crying is used to show distress (Tears may appear)
- Different cries with different moments of distress
- Actively involved with caregivers
- Express happiness, joy & surprise when cared for
- Sounds in response to speech
- Develop fear (Cry in response to stranger)
- Attachment to caregiver (Cry and anger when left)
- Attachment may continue until 14-16 months of age.
- Separation Anxiety begins-Become upset because of something they think will happen in future
- Interested in exploring
- Curious about new places & objects
- More interest in other children
- Play next to children but not with them
- Awareness of abilities (Source of joy & anger)
- Proud and happy when doing things on own
- Like to say "no" just to see what will happen