Cheetah

Shreya Maganti Period 8 5/16/16

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Habitat

Cheetahs are made to live in habitats such as the Savannah and grasslands. A Savannah has a lot of open land for the cheetahs so they can chase and hunt other animals. Cheetahs are found primarily in the eastern and southern ranges of Africa south of the Sahara Desert, with small populations in North Africa and Iran. (Social life on the Savannah).

Movement

Cheetahs are the fastest land animals in the world. They can run 112 kph and 70 to 90 mph. Cheetahs run, walk, hunt, and move on four legs. A cheetah can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in just 3 seconds. Cheetahs run as fast as they can to catch their prey and are successful half of the camouflage when hunting prey. They rely on their natural camouflage to hide in long grass, and get as close as possible, before attempting to catch their prey. Cheetah's typically trip their quarry and then suffocate the animal with a bite to the throat. Cheetahs use their spotted coats to blend in with their surroundings while they stalk their prey. At the right time, the cheetah will explode from its hiding spot and accelerate toward its prey, using its momentum to knock the prey down. (How quickly can a cheetah accelerate).
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Body Covering

The cheetah has a slender body, long legs, and a small head. The cheetah has a yellowish-brown with black spot, except for the throat and underpants which are white to yellowish-white with black spot. (Wielebnowski 395). Cheetahs have soft golden fur that help them camouflage when hunting an animal or hiding from one.
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Diet

Cheetahs are the carnivores of the cat family. Cheetahs rely on a burst of speed to catch such swift prey as gazelles, wildebeest calves, impalas and smaller hoofed animals, knocking their prey to the ground and delivering a suffocating bite to the neck. They must eat quickly to avoid losing their kill to other carnivores. (Cheetah). Cheetahs prey on birds, hares, rabbits, warthogs and antelopes. They have developed the ability to survive for up to four days on a single drink. Cheetahs like to hunt during daylight hours, especially late in the morning or early in the evening. (What's included in a cheetah's diet). In the zoo, cheetahs eat ground horse meat and sometimes beef, rabbits, and chicks. Cheetahs eat primarily hoofed mammals weighing less than 90 pounds, including gazelles and young wildebeest. (Cheetah).

Reproduction

Males live in small permanent groups, called coalitions until they find females they are interested in and mate. After 3 months of mating, at least three cubs are born. The cubs are protected until they are five to six weeks old and then they learn how live in the wild from their mothers. Cheetahs reproduce sexually involving a male and a female. The male only stays with the females for the female for a couple days and leaves. The young stays with the mother for 14 to 18 months.
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Adaptations

Even though cheetahs are fast, they can only run for 30 seconds without stopping. They can't climb, roar, or see in the dark at night, but they are good predators. They can run up to 112 kph so there's no problem hunting for them. Cheetahs hunt preys such as Gazelles and Antelopes. Cheetahs are typically solitary creatures. The future of the cheetah is doubtful because of increasing loss of habitat, declines in prey, high cub mortality rates and conflict with ranchers. (Cheetah 2)
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Other Info

  • scientific name for cheetah is Acinonyx Jubatus
  • the word cheetah came Hindi and Sanskrit
  • population of cheetahs decrease because of humans hunting them
  • lifespan of 10-12 years
  • weigh about 77 to 143 pounds
  • 3 feet tall (90 centimeters)
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Work Cited

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Wielebnowski, Nadja. "Cheetah." World Book. Vol. 3. N.p.: n.p., 2011. 395.
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